Books and Contributions to Books
Andrews N, English Civil Procedure (OUP, 2003).
Ashworth A, Principles of Criminal Law (6th edn, OUP, 2009).
Bassiouni C, The Law of the ICTY (Transnational Publishers, 1996).
Bentham J, The Rationale of Judicial Evidence (Hunt and Clarke, 1842; reproduced by Fred Rothman and Co, 1995).
Bentham J, The Works of Jeremy Bentham (Bowring ed, 1843).
Berlin I, ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, in Four Essays on Liberty (OUP, 1969).
Birch D and Leng R, Blackstone’s Guide to the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 (Blackstone, 2000).
Blankenburg E, ‘Civil Justice: Access, Cost, and Expedition—The Netherlands’, in A Zuckerman (ed), Civil Justice in Crisis: Comparative Perspectives of Civil Procedure (OUP, 1999).
Boas G, ‘The Right to Self-Representation in International and Domestic Criminal Law: Limitations and Qualifications on that Right’, in H Abtahi and G Boas (eds), The Dynamics of International Criminal Justice (Martinus Nijhoff, 2006).
Brooks N, ‘The Judge and the Adversary System’, in A Linden (ed), The Canadian Judiciary (Osgood Hall Law School, 1976).
Brown B, ‘The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia’, in C Bassiouni (ed), International Criminal Law (3rd edn, vol 3, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008).
Butt P and Castle R, Modern Legal Drafting: A Guide to Using Clearer Language (CUP, 2007).
Constant B, Principles of Politics Applicable to All Governments (1815) (translated by Dennis O’Keeffe, edited by Etienne Hofmann, Indianapolis, Liberty Fund, 2003) (available at: <http://files.libertyfund.org/files/861/Constant_0452_EBk_v6.0.pdf>).
Damaska M, The Faces of Justice and State Authority (Yale University Press, 1986).
Duff R A, Trial and Punishment (CUP, 1986).
Dworkin R, A Matter of Principle (Clarendon Press, 1986).
Dworkin G, The Theory and Practice of Autonomy (CUP, 1988).
Dworkin G, ‘The Concept of Autonomy’, in J Christman (ed), The Inner Citadel (OUP, 1989).
Endicott T, ‘Law and Language’, in J Coleman and S Shapiro (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law (OUP, 2002).
Feinberg J, Harm to Self (OUP, 1986).
Fletcher G, Basic Concepts of Criminal Law (OUP, 1998).
Fuller L, The Morality of Law (2nd edn, Yale University Press, 1969).
Genn H, Judging Civil Justice (Hamlyn Lectures, CUP, 2010).
Genn H, Paths to Justice: What People Do and Think about Going to Law (Hart, 1999).
Genn H and Genn Y, The Effectiveness of Representation at Tribunals (Lord Chancellor’s Department, 1989).
Genn H, Lever B, and Gray L, Tribunals for Diverse Users (Department for Constitutional Affairs, 2006).
Glenn H P, Legal Traditions of the World (3rd edn, OUP, 2007).
(p.210) Gutmann A, ‘How Limited is Liberal Government?’, in D Yack (ed), Liberalism Without Illusions: Essays on Liberal Theory and the Political Vision of Judith N Shklar (Chicago University Press, 1995).
Hale B, Equal Access to Justice in the Big Society (Sir Henry Hodges Memorial Lecture, 2011).
Halsbury’s Laws of England (5th edn, Lexis Nexis, 2009).
Hart H L A, Essays on Bentham: Study in Jurisprudence and Political Theory (OUP, 1982).
Hart H L A, Essays in Jurisprudence and Philosophy (OUP, 1983).
Hart H L A, The Concept of Law (2nd edn, OUP, 1994).
Hayek F, Road to Serfdom (Chicago University Press, 1944).
Hess B and Heubner R, ‘Cost and Fee Allocation in German Civil Procedure’, in M Reimann (ed), Cost and Fee Allocation in Civil Procedure (Springer Netherlands, 2012).
Higgins A, Legal Professional Privilege for Corporations (OUP, 2014).
Holdsworth W, A History of English Law (3rd edn, Methuen & Co Ltd, 1945).
Holmes S, Passions and Constraint: On the Theory of Liberal Democracy (Chicago University Press, 1995).
Issacharoff S, Civil Procedure (3rd edn, Foundation Press, 2012).
Jacob J, The Fabric of English Civil Justice (Stevens, 1987).
Jenks E, A Short History of English Law (3rd edn, Methuen & Co Ltd, 1924).
Kelman M, Strategy or Principle: The Choice between Regulation and Taxation (Michigan University Press, 1999).
Langbein J, The Origins of Adversary Criminal Trial (OUP, 2003).
Layton A and Mercer H (eds), European Civil Practice (2nd edn, Thomson, Sweet & Maxwell, 2004).
Lind E and Tyler T, Social Psychology of Procedural Justice (Plenum Press, 1988).
Luban D, Lawyers and Justice: An Ethical Study (Princeton University Press, 1988).
MacCormick N, Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory (OUP, 1978).
MacCormick N, ‘Law as Institutional Fact’, in N MacCormick and O Weinberger, An Institutional Theory of Law: New Approaches to Legal Positivism (D Reidel Publishing, 1992).
Maitland F, Equity: Also the Forms of Action at Common Law (CUP, 1910).
McCormick, On Evidence (3rd edn, West Publishing, 1984).
Mellinkoff D, The Language of the Law (Little, Brown and Co, 1963).
Michelman F, ‘Formal and Associational Aims in Procedural Due Process’, in R Pennock and J Chapman (eds), NOMOS: Due Process (vol 18, New York University Press, 1977).
Mill J S, On Liberty (1859).
Moore M, Placing Blame (OUP, 2010).
Murray P and Stürner R, German Civil Justice (Carolina Academic Press, 2004).
Neuberger D, ‘Justice in an Age of Austerity’, Tom Sargant Memorial Lecture, 15 October 2013 (available at: <https://www.supremecourt.uk/docs/speech-131015.pdf>).
Nowak M, UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: CCPR Commentary (2nd revised edn, Engel, 1993).
Paulsson J, The Idea of Arbitration (OUP, 2013).
Penner J, ‘Legal Reasoning’, in J Penner, D Schiff, and R Nobles (eds), Introduction to Jurisprudence and Legal Theory (Butterworths, 2002).
Plucknett T, A Concise History of the Common Law (5th edn, Butterworth & Co Ltd, 1956).
Pollock F and Maitland W, The History of English Law (2nd edn, CUP, 1898).
Posner R, The Problems of Jurisprudence (Harvard University Press, 1993).
Postema G, Jeremy Bentham and the Common Law Tradition (OUP, 1986).
Potter S, Our Language (Penguin, 1959).
(p.211) Rawls J, Theory of Justice (Harvard University Press, 1971).
Rawls J, Political Liberalism (Columbia University Press, 1993).
Raz J, The Morality of Freedom (OUP, 1986).
Raz J, ‘Can There Be a Theory of Law?’, in M Golding and W Edmundson (eds), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Law and Legal Theory (Blackwell, 2005).
Rhode D, Access to Justice (OUP, 2004).
Roberts P and Zuckerman A, Criminal Evidence (2nd edn, OUP, 2010).
Scanlon T M, ‘The Significance of Choice’, The Tanner Lectures on Human Values (Brasenose College, Oxford, 1988) (available at: <http://tannerlectures.utah.edu/_documents/a-to-z/s/scanlon88.pdf>).
Schauer F, Thinking Like a Lawyer (Harvard University Press, 2009).
Scoccia D, ‘The Right to Autonomy and the Justification of Hard Paternalism’, in C Coons and M Weber (eds), Paternalism: Theory and Practice (CUP, 2012).
Searle J, Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language (CUP, 1969).
Shklar J, ‘The Liberalism of Fear’, in N Rosenblum (ed), Liberalism and the Moral Life (Harvard University Press, 1989).
Stein A, Foundation of Evidence Law (OUP, 2005).
Tapper C, Cross and Tapper on Evidence (12th edn, OUP, 2010).
Thomas J, Reshaping Justice (Justice Lecture) (3 March 2014) (available at: <https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/JCO/Documents/Speeches/lcj-speech-reshaping-justice.pdf>).
Tiersma P, Legal Language (University of Chicago Press, 1999).
Tomkovics J, The Right to the Assistance of Counsel (Greenwood Press, 2002).
Tribe L, American Constitutional Law (2nd edn, Foundation Press, 1988).
Tyler T, Why People Obey the Law (Princeton University Press, 2006).
Waldron J, The Rule of Law and the Measure of Property (Hamlyn Lectures, CUP, 2012).
Walker J and Chase O (eds), Common Law, Civil Law and the Future of Categories (LexisNexis Canada, 2010).
White Book Service (Sweet & Maxwell, 2014).
Wigmore J, A Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law (3rd edn, Little Brown, 1940).
Zuckerman A, ‘Practice and Procedure’, in All England Law Reports Annual Review 1999 (Butterworths, 1999).
Zuckerman A, ‘Justice in Crisis: Comparative Dimensions of Civil Procedure’, in A Zuckerman (ed), Civil Justice in Crisis: Comparative Perspectives of Civil Procedure (OUP, 1999).
Zuckerman A, Civil Procedure: Principles of Practice (3rd edn, Sweet & Maxwell, 2013).
––, ‘Right to Civil Counsel’ (1966) 66 Columbia Law Review 1322 (Note).
Abel R, ‘Law without Politics: Legal Aid under Advanced Capitalism’ (1985) 32 UCLA Law Review 474.
Albrecht R et al, ‘Judicial Techniques for Cases Involving Self-Represented Litigants’ (2003) 42 Judges Journal 16.
Alexander L, ‘Are Procedural Rights Derivative Substantive Rights?’ (1998) 17 Law and Philosophy 19.
Allen R et al, ‘The German Advantage in Civil Procedure: A Plea for More Details and Fewer Generalities in Comparative Scholarship’ (1988) 82 Northwestern University Law Review 705.
(p.212) Andrews M, ‘Duties of the Judicial System to the Pro Se Litigant’ (2013) 30 Alaska Law Review 189.
Anscombe G E M, ‘On Brute Facts’ (1958) 18 Analysis 69.
Applegate J, ‘Witness Preparation’ (1989) 68 Texas Law Review 277.
Arneson R, ‘Mill vs Paternalism’ (1980) 90 Ethics 470.
Assy R, ‘The Power to Reconsider Orders under CPR 3.1(7)’ (2010) 29 Civil Justice Quarterly 175.
Assy R, ‘Can the Law Speak to its Subjects? The Limitation of Plain Language’ (2011) 38 Journal of Law and Society 376.
Assy R, ‘Revisiting the Right to Self-Representation in Civil Proceedings’ (2011) 30 Civil Justice Quarterly 267.
Bacharach R and Entzeroth L, ‘Judicial Advocacy in Pro Se Litigation: A Return to Neutrality’ (2009) 42 Indiana Law Review 19.
Barker J and Cosentino M, ‘Who’s in Charge Here? The Ethics 2000 Approach to Resolving Lawyer–Client Conflicts’ (2003) 16 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 505.
Barnes T, ‘Star Chamber Mythology’ (1961) 5 American Journal of Legal History 1.
Bassiouni C, ‘Human Rights in the Context of Criminal Justice: Identifying International Procedural Protections and Equivalent Protections in National Constitutions’ (1993) 3 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 235.
Bayles M, ‘Principles for Legal Procedure’ (1986) 5 Law and Philosophy 33.
Berry D, ‘Legislative Drafting: Could Our Statutes Be Simpler?’ (1987) 8 Statute Law Review 92.
Bingham T, ‘The Rule of Law’ (2007) 66 Cambridge Law Journal 67.
Bloom L and Hershkoff H, ‘Federal Courts, Magistrate Judges, and the Pro Se Plaintiff’ (2002) 16 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 475.
Boas G, ‘Self-Representation Before the ICTY’ (2011) 9 Journal of International Criminal Justice 53.
Bradlow J, ‘Procedural Due Process Rights of Pro Se Civil Litigants’ (1988) 55 University of Chicago Law Review 659.
Breger M, ‘Legal Aid for the Poor: A Conceptual Analysis’ (1982) 60 North Carolina Law Review 281.
Buxton T, ‘Foreign Solutions to the US Pro Se Phenomenon’ (2002) 34 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 103.
Cameron C and Kelly E, ‘Litigants in Person in Civil Proceedings: Part I’ (2002) 32 Hong Kong Law Journal 313.
Cerruti E, ‘Self-Representation in the International Arena: Striking a False Right of Spectacle’ (2009)  Georgetown Journal of International Law 919.
Chevigny P, ‘Book Review: Fairness and Participation’ (1989) 64 New York University Law Review 1211.
Cheyney E, ‘The Court of Star Chamber’ (1913) 18 American Historical Review 727.
Christman J, ‘Relational Autonomy, Liberal Individualism, and the Social Constitution of Selves’ (2004) 117 Philosophical Studies 143.
Coffee J, ‘The Attorney as Gatekeeper: An Agenda for the SEC’ (2003) 103 Columbia Law Review 1293.
Cohn E J, ‘Legal Aid for the Poor: A Study in Comparative Law and Legal Reform’ (1943) 59 Law Quarterly Review 250.
Daly J, ‘Arbitration: The Basics’ (2006) 5 Journal of American Arbitration 1.
Damaska M, ‘Presentation of Evidence and Factfinding Precision’ (1975) 123 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1083.
(p.213) Damaska M, ‘Assignment of Counsel and Perceptions of Fairness’ (2005) 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice 3.
Dan-Cohen M, ‘Decision Rules and Conduct Rules: On Acoustic Separation in Criminal Law’ (1984) 97 Harvard Law Review 625.
Denckla D, ‘Nonlawyers and the Unauthorized Practice of Law: An Overview of the Legal and Ethical Parameters’ (1999) 67 Fordham Law Review 2581.
Dripps D, ‘The Exclusivity of the Criminal Law: Toward a “Regulatory Model” of, or “Pathological Perspective” on, the Civil–Criminal Distinction’ (1996) 7 Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 199.
Dworkin G, ‘Acting Freely’ (1970) 4 Noûs 367.
Dworkin G, ‘Paternalism’ (1972) 56 Monist 64.
Egerton R, ‘Historical Aspects of Legal Aid’ (1945) 61 Law Quarterly Review 87.
Engler R, ‘And Justice for All—Including the Unrepresented Poor: Revisiting the Roles of the Judges, Mediators, and Clerks’ (1999) 67 Fordham Law Review 1987.
Feinberg J, ‘Legal Paternalism’ (1971) 1 Canadian Journal of Philosophy 105.
Frankel M, ‘The Search for Truth: an Umpireal View’ (1975) 123 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1031.
Friedman L, ‘Law and Its Language’ (1964) 33 George Washington Law Review 563.
Fuller L, ‘The Forms and Limits of Adjudication’ (1978) 92 Harvard Law Review 353.
Fuller L and Randall J, ‘Professional Responsibility: Report of the Joint Conference’ (1958) 44 American Bar Association Journal 1159.
Galanter M, ‘Why the “Haves” Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Legal Change’ (1974) 9 Law and Society Review 95.
Galanter M, ‘Delivering Legality: Some Proposals for the Direction of Research’ (1976) 11 Law and Society Review 225.
Genn H, ‘Do-it-Yourself Law: Access to Justice and the Challenges of Self-Representation’ (2013) 32 Civil Justice Quarterly 411.
Gert B and Culver C, ‘Paternalistic Behavior’ (1976) 6 Philosophy and Public Affairs 45.
Goldschmidt J, ‘The Pro Se Litigant’s Struggle for Access to Justice: Meeting the Challenge of Bench and Bar Resistance’ (2002) 40 Family Court Review 36.
Goldschmidt J, ‘Judicial Ethics and Assistance to Self-Represented Litigants’ (2007) 28 Justice System Journal 324.
Gray C, ‘Reaching Out or Overreaching: Judicial Ethics and Self-Represented Litigants’ (2007) 27 Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary 97.
Greiner D and Pattanayak C, ‘Randomized Evaluation in Legal Assistance: What Difference does Representation (Offer and Actual Use) Make?’ (2012) 121 Yale Law Journal 2118.
Greiner D, Pattanayak C, and Hennessy J, ‘The Limits of Unbundled Legal Assistance: A Randomized Study in a Massachusetts District Court and Prospects for the Future’ (2013) 126 Harvard Law Review 901901 901.
Hamer D, ‘The Civil Standard of Proof Uncertainty: Probability, Belief and Justice’ (1994) 16 Sydney Law Review 506.
Hart H L A, ‘Bentham on Legal Powers’ (1972) 81 Yale Law Journal 799.
Hashimoto E, ‘Defending the Right to Self-Representation: An Empirical Look at the Pro Se Felony Defendant’ (2007) 85 North Carolina Law Review 423.
Hayden R and Anderson J, ‘On the Evaluation of Procedural Systems in Laboratory Experiments: A Critique of Thibaut and Walker’ (1979) 3 Law and Human Behaviour 21.
Houlden P et al, ‘Preference for Modes of Dispute Resolution as a Function of Process and Decision Control’ (1978) 14 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 13.
(p.214) Hunt B, ‘Plain Language in Legislative Drafting: An Achievable Objective or Laudable Ideal?’ (2002) 24 Statute Law Review 112.
Husak D, ‘Paternalism and Autonomy’ (1980) 10 Philosophy and Public Affairs 27.‘The Implementation of Sir Rupert Jackson’s Review of Civil Litigation Costs’ (2013) 32(2) Civil Justice Quarterly (special issue).
Issacharoff S, ‘Bearing the Costs’ (2000) 53 Stanford Law Review 519.
Johnston E, ‘Representational Competence: Defining the Limits of the Right to Self-Representation at Trial’ (2011) 86 Notre Dame Law Review 523.
Kaplan B, Mehren A, and Schaefer R, ‘Phases of German Civil Procedure: Part I’ (1958) 71 Harvard Law Review 1193.
Kaplan B, Mehren A, and Schaefer R, ‘Phases of German Civil Procedure: Part 2’ (1958) 71 Harvard Law Review 1443.
Kim H, ‘Legal Education for the Pro Se Litigant: A Step Towards a Meaningful Right to Be Heard’ (1987) 96 Yale Law Journal 1641.
Kimble J, ‘Plain English: A Charter for Clear Writing’ (1992) 9 Thomas M Cooley Law Review 1.
Kimble J, ‘Answering the Critics of Plain English’ (1994–5) 5 The Scribes Journal of Legal Writing 51.
Kimble J, ‘You Be the Judge (Again)’ (January 2005) Michigan Bar Journal 56.
Kimel D, ‘Neutrality, Autonomy, and Freedom of Contract’ (2001) 21 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 473.
Kricheli-Katz T, ‘Choice-Based Discrimination: Labour Force Type Discrimination against Gay Men, the Obese, and Mothers’ (2013) 10 Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 670.
Kronman A, ‘Paternalism and the Law of Contracts’ (1983) 92 Yale Law Journal 763.
Lamond G, ‘What is a Crime?’ (2007) 27 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 609.
Landsman S, ‘The Decline of the Adversary System: How the Rhetoric of Swift and Certain Justice has Affected Adjudication in American Courts’ (1980) 29 Buffalo Law Review 487.
Landsman S, ‘A Brief Survey of the Development of the Adversarial System’ (1983) 44 Ohio State Law Journal 713.
Langbein J, ‘The German Advantage in Civil Procedure’ (1985) 52 University of Chicago Law Review 823.
LaTour S, ‘Determinants of Participant and Observer Satisfaction with Adversary and Inquisitorial Modes of Adjudication’ (1978) 36 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1531.
Lederman L and Hrug W, ‘Do Attorneys do their Clients Justice? An Empirical Study of Lawyers’ Effects on Tax Court Litigation Outcomes’ (2006) 41 Wake Forest Law Review 1235.
Levin L, ‘The Monopoly Myth and other Tales about the Superiority of Lawyers’ (2014) 82 Fordham Law Review 2611.
Lind E et al, ‘Procedure and Outcome Effects on Reaction to Adjudicated Resolution of Conflicts of Interest’ (1980) 39 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 643.
Lind E and Conlon D, ‘Decision Control and Process Control Effects on Procedural Fairness Judgments’ (1983) 13 Journal of Applied Social Psychology 338.
Lind E, Kanfer R, and Early P, ‘Voice, Control, and Procedural Justice: Instrumental and Noninstrumental Concerns in Fairness Judgments’ (1990) 59 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 952.
(p.215) Lind E and Lissak R, ‘Apparent Impropriety and Procedural Fairness Judgments’ (1985) 21 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 19.
Lind E, Thibaut J, and Walker L, ‘Discovery and Presentation of Evidence in Adversary and Nonadversary Proceedings’ (1973) 71 Michigan Law Review 1129.
Livingston-Allen S, ‘Faretta: Self-Representation or Legal-Misrepresentation?’ (2005) 90 Iowa Law Review 1553.
Locke D and Frankfurt H, ‘Three Concepts of Free Action’ (1965) 49 Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95.
Luban D, ‘Paternalism and the Legal Profession’  Wisconsin Law Review 454.
Macey J and Miller G, ‘An Economic Analysis of Conflict of Interest Regulation’ (1997) 82 Iowa Law Review 965.
Mashaw J, ‘Administrative Due Process: The Quest for a Dignitary Theory’ (1981) 61 Boston University Law Review 885.
Mayers M, ‘A Fool for a Client: The Supreme Court Rules on Pro Se Right’ (1975) 37 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 403.
Mayhew P, ‘Can Legislation Ever be Simple, Clear, and Certain?’ (1990) 11 Statute Law Review 1.
McLaughlin J, ‘An Extension of the Right of Access: The Pro Se Litigant’s Right to Notification of the Requirements of the Summary Judgment Rule’ (1987) 55 Fordham Law Review 1105.
Michelman F, ‘The Supreme Court and Litigation Access Fees: The Right to Protect One’s Rights—Part 1’ (1974) 1973 Duke Law Journal 1153.
Miller G, ‘Some Agency Problems in Settlement’ (1987) 16 Journal of Legal Studies 189.
Moorhead R, ‘Access or Aggravation? Litigants in Person, McKenzie Friends and Lay Representation’ (2003) 22 Civil Justice Quarterly 133.
Moorhead R, ‘The Passive Arbiter: Litigants in Person and the Challenge to Neutrality’ (2007) 16 Social and Legal Studies 405.
Moorhead R, Paterson A, and Sherr A, ‘Contesting Professionalism: Legal Aid and Nonlawyers in England and Wales’ (2003) 73 Law and Society Review 765.
Mulheron R, ‘Justice Enhanced: Framing an Opt-Out Class Action for England’ (2007) 70 Modern Law Review 550.
Musante L, Gilbert M, and Thibaut J, ‘The Effects of Control in Perceived Fairness of Procedures and Outcomes’ (1983) 19 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 223.
Nance D, ‘Civility and the Burden of Proof’ (1994) 17 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 652.
Nazareth C B E, ‘Legislative Drafting: Could Our Statutes Be Simpler?’ (1987) 8 Statute Law Review 81.
Nedelsky J, ‘Reconceiving Autonomy: Sources, Thoughts and Possibilities’ (1989) 1 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 7.
Nickerson R, ‘Confirmation Bias: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon in Many Guises’ (1998) 2 Review of General Psychology 175.
Park R and Saks M, ‘Evidence Scholarship Reconsidered: Results of the Interdisciplinary Turn’ (2006) 47 Boston College Law Review 949.
Pearce R, ‘Redressing Inequality in the Market for Justice: Why Access to Lawyers will Never Solve the Problem and Why Rethinking the Role of Judges will Help’ (2004) 73 Fordham Law Review 969.
Peer E and Gamliel E, ‘Heuristics and Biases in Judicial Decisions’ (2013) 49 Court Review 114.
(p.216) Penman R, ‘Unspeakable Acts and Other Deeds: A Critique of Plain Legal Language’ (1993) 7 Information Design Journal 121.
Polinsky A and Rubinfeld D, ‘Aligning the Interests of Lawyers and Clients’ (2003) 5 American Law and Economic Review 165.
Postema G, ‘The Principle of Utility and the Law of Procedure: Bentham’s Theory of Adjudication’ (1977) 11 Georgia Law Journal 1393.
Poulin A, ‘The Role of Standby Counsel in Criminal Cases: In the Twilight Zone of the Criminal Justice System’ (2000) 75 New York University Law Review 676.
Pound R, ‘The Causes for Popular Dissatisfaction with the Administration of Justice’ (1956) 8 Baylor Law Review 1.
Rassin E, Eerland A, and Kuijpers I, ‘Let’s Find the Evidence: An Analogue Study of Confirmation Bias in Criminal Investigations’ (2010) 7 Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling 231.
Raz J, ‘The Rule of Law and its Virtue’ (1977) 93 Law Quarterly Review 195.
Redish M and Marshall L, ‘Adjudicatory Independence and the Values of Procedural Due Process’ (1986) 95 Yale Law Journal 455.
Redmayne M, ‘Standards of Proof in Civil Litigation’ (1990) 62 Modern Law Review 167.
Reed C, ‘How to Make Bad Law: Lessons from Cyberspace’ (2010) 73 Modern Law Review 903.
Resnik J, ‘Managerial Judges’ (1982) 96 Harvard Law Review 374.
Resnik J, ‘The Domain of Courts’ (1989) 137 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 2219.
Rhode D, ‘Policing the Professional Monopoly: A Constitutional and Empirical Analysis of Unauthorized Practice Prohibitions’ (1981) 34 Stanford Law Review 1.
Rosen-Zvi I and Fisher T, ‘Overcoming Procedural Boundaries’ (2008) 94 Virginia Law Review 79.
Sandefur R, ‘Lawyers’ Pro Bono Service and American-Style Civil Legal Assistance’ (2007) 41 Law and Society Review 79.
Savanai K, Stephens N, and Markus H, ‘The Unanticipated Interpersonal and Societal Consequences of Choice: Victim-Blaming and Reducing Support for the Public Good’ (2011) 22 Psychological Science 795.
Scharf M and Rassi C, ‘Do Former Leaders Have an International Right to Self-Representation in War Crimes Trials?’ (2005) 20 Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 3.
Schomburg W, ‘The Role of International Criminal Tribunals in Promoting Respect for Fair Trial Rights’ (2009) 8 Northwestern Journal of International Human Rights 1.
Schwab H, ‘How Far Faretta: Creating Implied Constitutional Rights’ (1977) 6 San Fernando Valley Law Review 1.
Scoccia D, ‘Paternalism and Respect for Autonomy’ (1990) 100 Ethics 318.
Scott K, ‘Two Models of the Civil Process’ (1975) 27 Stanford Law Review 937.
Seron C, Ryzin G, and Frankel M, ‘The Impact of Legal Counsel on Outcomes for Poor Tenants in New York City’s Housing Court: Results of a Randomized Experiment’ (2001) 35 Law and Society Review 419.
Shapiro B, ‘Codification of the Laws in Seventeenth Century England’  Wisconsin Law Review 428.
Shapiro B, ‘Law Reform in Seventeenth Century England’ (1975) 19 American Journal of Legal History 280.
Sheppard B and Vidmar N, ‘Adversary Pretrial Procedures and Testimonial Evidence: Effects of Lawyer’s Role and Machiavellianism’ (1980) 39 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 320.
(p.217) Sluiter G, ‘Compromising the Authority of International Criminal Justice’ (2007) 5 Journal of International Criminal Justice 529.
Snukals B and Sturtevant G, ‘Pro Se Litigation: Best Practices from a Judge’s Perspective’ (2007) 42 University of Richmond Law Review 93.
Stein A, ‘The Refoundation of Evidence Law’ (1996) 9 Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 279.
Stein A, ‘Allocating the Burden of Proof in Sales Litigation: The Law, its Rationales, a New Theory, and its Failure’ (1996) 50 University of Miami Law Review 335.
Steinecke R, ‘Unauthorized Practice of Professions’ (1984) 5 Advocates’ Quarterly 437.
Stipanowich T, ‘Arbitration: “The New Litigation”’  University of Illinois Law Review 1.
Sullivan R, ‘The Promise of Plain Language Drafting’ (2001) 47 McGill Law Journal 99.
Summers R, ‘Evaluating and Improving Legal Processes: A Plea for “Process Values”’ (1974) 60 Cornell Law Review 1.
Sunstein C, ‘Behavioral Economics and Paternalism’ (2013) 122 Yale Law Journal 1826.
Swank D, ‘In Defense of Rules and Roles: the Need to Curb Extreme Forms of Pro Se Assistance and Accommodation in Litigation’ (2005) 54 American University Law Review 1537.
Tanner E, ‘The Comprehensibility of Legal Language: Is Plain English the Solution?’ (2000) 9 Griffith Law Review 52.
Thibaut J and Walker L, ‘A Theory of Procedure’ (1978) 66 California Law Review 541.
Thibaut J, Walker L, and Lind E, ‘Adversary Presentation and Bias in Legal Decisionmaking’ (1972) 86 Harvard Law Review 386.
Tiersma P, ‘Some Myths About Legal Language’ (2006) 2 Law, Culture and the Humanities 29.
Toone R, ‘The Incoherence of Defendant Autonomy’ (2005) 83 North Carolina Law Review 621.
Tyler T, ‘Conditions Leading to Value-Expressive Effects in Judgments of Procedural Justice: A Test for Four Models’ (1987) 52 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 333.
Tyler T, Rasinski K, and Spodick N, ‘Influence of Voice on Satisfaction with Leaders: Exploring the Meaning of Process Control’ (1985) 48 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72.
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Waldron J, ‘The Rule of Law and the Importance of Procedure’ (2010) New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers (Paper 234) (available at: <http://lsr.nellco.org/nyu_plltwp/234>).
Walker L et al, ‘Reactions of Participants and Observers of Modes of Adjudication’ (1974) 4 Journal of Applied Social Psychology 295.
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Weinstein N and Klein W, ‘Unrealistic Optimism: Present and Future’ (1996) 15 Journal of Clinical and Social Psychology 1.
Zamir E and Ritov I, ‘Loss Aversion, Omission Bias, and the Burden of Proof in Civil Litigation’ (2012) 41 Journal of Legal Studies 165.
(p.218) Zander M, ‘The Woolf Report: Forwards or Backwards for the New Lord Chancellor?’ (1997) 16 Civil Justice Quarterly 208.
Zander M, ‘Where Are We Heading with the Funding of Civil Litigation?’ (2003) 22 Civil Justice Quarterly 23.
Zorza R, ‘The Disconnect between the Requirements of Judicial Neutrality and Those of the Appearance of Neutrality When Parties Appear Pro Se: Causes, Solutions, Recommendations, and Implications’ (2004) 17 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 423.
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Zuckerman A, ‘Law, Fact or Justice’ (1986) 66 Boston University Law Review 487.
Zuckerman A, ‘Miscarriage of Justice—A Root Treatment’ (1992) Criminal Law Review 323.
Zuckerman A, ‘Quality and Economy in Civil Procedure: The Case for Commuting Correct Judgments for Timely Judgments’ (1994) 14 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 353.
Zuckerman A, ‘No Justice without Lawyers: The Myth of an Inquisitorial System’ (2014) 33 Civil Justice Quarterly 355.
Reports and Papers
ABA Standards for Criminal Justice: Special Functions of the Trial Judge (3rd edn, American Bar Association, 2000) (available at: <http://www.americanbar.org/publications/criminal_justice_section_archive/crimjust_standards_trialjudge.html#6-3.7>).
Access to Justice and Legal Needs: Legal Australia-Wide Survey (Law and Justice Foundation of NSW, August 2012).
Australian Institute of Judicial Administration, Litigants in Person: Issues for Courts and Tribunals (Victoria, 2001).
Bennion F, ‘Don’t Put the Law into Public Hands’ Times 24 January 1995 (available at: <http://www.francisbennion.com>).
Bennion F, ‘Confusion over Plain Language Law’ Com L 08/2007 (available at: <http://www.francisbennion.com>).
Best Practices for Cases Involving Self-Represented Litigants(available at: <http://todaycms.s3.amazonaws.com/naho/64/9d4dddf80e1cb22289b073b5346d87/Best-Practices-for-Cases-Involving-Self-Represented-Litigants-NAHO-2013.pdf>).
Briggs M, Chancery Modernisation Review: Final Report (December 2013) (available at: <https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/JCO/Documents/CMR/cmr-final-report-dec2013.pdf>).
Civil Justice Council, Access to Justice for Litigants in Person (or Self-Represented Litigants) (A Report and Series of Recommendations to the Lord Chancellor and to the Lord Chief Justice 2011) (available at: <http://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/report-on-access-to-justice-for-litigants-in-person-nov2011.pdf>).
Chancery Guide (HM Courts and Tribunals Service, October 2013) (available at: <http://www.justice.gov.uk/downloads/courts/chancery-court/chancery-guide.doc>).
Compendium of Standards for Indigent Defense Systems (United States Department of Justice, 2001) (available at: <http://www.nlada.org/Defender/Defender_Standards/ Defender_Standards_Comp>).
Cookson G, Unintended Consequences: The Cost of the Government’s Legal Aid Reforms (A Report for the Law Society of England and Wales, November 2011) (available at: (p.219) <http://www.kcl.ac.uk/campuslife/student/news/stories/UnintendedConsequences-FinalReport.pdf>).
Eagleson R, Sydney Morning Herald, 20 January 1985.
Guide to Proceedings in the Supreme Court for those without a Legal Representative (Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, February 2014) (available at: <http://www.supremecourt.uk/procedures/guide-to-proceedings-for-those-without-a-legal-representative.html>).
Handling Cases Involving Self-Represented Litigants: A Benchguide for Judicial Officers (Judicial Council of California Administrative Office of the Courts, Center for Families, Children and the Courts 2007) (available at: <http://thejusticegap.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/guide-for-self-represented-litigants.pdf>).
Houseman A and Perle L, Securing Equal Justice for All: A Brief History of Civil Legal Assistance in the United States (Center for Law and Social Policy, 2007).
The Interim Applications Court of the Queen’s Bench Division: A Guide for Self-Represented Litigants (Sir John Thomas, January 2013) (available at: <http://thejusticegap.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/guide-for-self-represented-litigants.pdf>).
Jackson R, Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Final Report (December 2009) (available at: <http://associationoflitigationfunders.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Jacksonfinalreport140110.pdf>).
Judicial Working Group on Litigants in Person (Chairman Mr Justice Hickinbottom, July 2013) (available at: <http://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/JCO/Documents/Reports/lip_2013.pdf>).
Knight P, Clearly Better Drafting (Report to the Plain English Campaign, 1996).
Law Reform Commission of Victoria, Plain English and the Law (Melbourne, 1987).
Legal Action Group, Tackling the Advice Deficit (Report of the Low Commission on the Future of Advice and Legal Support, January 2014) (available at: <http://www.lowcommission.org.uk/dyn/1389221772932/Low-Commission-Report-FINAL-VERSION.pdf>).
Legal Services Consumer Panel, Fee-Charging McKenzie Friends (April 2014) (available at: <http://www.legalservicesconsumerpanel.org.uk/publications/research_and_reports/documents/2014%2004%2017%20MKF_Final.pdf>).
‘Litigants in Person’, in Equal Treatment Bench Book (Judicial College, November 2011).
Macfarlane J, The National Self-Represented Litigants Project: Identifying and Meeting the Needs of Self-Represented Litigants (Final Report, May 2013) (available at: <http://www.lsuc.on.ca/uploadedFiles/For_the_Public/About_the_Law_Society/Convocation_Decisions/2014/Self-represented_project.pdf>).
Master of the Rolls, Practice Guidance: McKenzie Friends (Civil and Family Court)  2 FLR 962 (Lord Neuberger).
Master of the Rolls, Practice Guidance: Terminology for Litigants in Person  1 WLR 1316 (Lord Dyson MR).
Moorhead R and Scanlan L, Just Satisfaction? What Drives Public and Participant Satisfaction with Courts and Tribunals (Ministry of Justice Research Series 05/08, 2008) (available at: <http://www.law.cf.ac.uk/research/pubs/repository/1854.pdf>).
Moorhead R and Sefton M, Litigants in Person: Unrepresented Litigants in First Instance Proceedings (Department for Constitutional Affairs 2005).
Position Paper on Self-Represented Litigants (Conference of State Court Administrators August, 2000) (available at:<http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/migrated/legalservices/delivery/downloads/positionpaper.authcheckdam.pdf>). (p.220) Proposed Protocol to be Used by Judicial Officers During Hearings Involving Pro Se Litigants: Pro Se Implementation Committee Conference of Chief Judges (available at:<http://www.sog.unc.edu/sites/www.sog.unc.edu/files/Proposed_Protocol.pdf>).
Recommendation from the Minnesota Conference of Chief Judges (available at: <http:// www.unbundledlaw.org/old/Recommendations/Sourcematerials/Minnesotachiefjudges.htm>).Standards for Criminal Justice: Special Functions of the Trial Judge (3rd edn, American Bar Association, 2000) (available at: <http://www.americanbar.org/publications/criminal_ justice_section_archive/crimjust_standards_trialjudgeold.html>).Survey of Unlicensed Practice of Law Committees (Standing Committee on Client Protection, American Bar Association, 2012) (available at: <http://www.directlaw.com/clientprotectionsurveyupl.pdf>).
‘Unrepresented Litigants and Lay Advisers’ in Civil Trials Bench Book (available at: <http://www.judcom.nsw.gov.au/publications/benchbks/civil/unrepresented_litigants.html>).
Williams K, Litigants in Person: A Literature Review—Research Summary 2/11 (Ministry of Justice, 2011) (available at: <https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/217374/litigants-in-person-literature-review.pdf>).
Woolf H, Access to Justice—Interim Report to the Lord Chancellor on the Civil Justice System in England and Wales (1995).