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Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich CountriesThirty Countries' Experiences$
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Brian Nolan, Wiemer Salverda, Daniele Checchi, Ive Marx, Abigail McKnight, István György Tóth, and Herman G. van de Werfhorst

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687428

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.001.0001

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Rising Inequality in the Period of Transition and Restrictive Incomes Policy

Chapter:
(p.152) Chapter 7 Bulgaria
Source:
Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries
Author(s):

Vassil Tsanov

Petya Ivanova

Silvia Panteleeva

Bogdan Bogdanov

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0007

Though there have been ups and downs, generally speaking income inequality in Bulgaria has increased over the past three decades. The most important determinants of this evolution have been economic development, economic and political reforms (implemented in the first half of the 1990s), and incomes policy. Ethnic differences in education are strongly associated with inequality. In terms of social impacts, the study reveals different relationship patterns. In some cases inequality impacts indirectly on their dynamics; in other cases there is a direct connection. The political impact of inequality has not been high: low voter turnout and lack of trust in public institutions are not correlated with inequality, though the development of inequality and alternating of left-wing and right-wing governments may be related. Incomes policy and social transfers have mixed impacts on inequality.

Keywords:   income inequality, reforms, education, ethnicity, Bulgaria, transition, social impacts, poverty, political participation, redistribution

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