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Sacred Landscape in Medieval AfghanistanRevisiting the Faḍāʾil-i Balkh$

Arezou Azad

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687053

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687053.001.0001

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(p.170) Appendix A List of Balkh’s seventy shaykhs

(p.170) Appendix A List of Balkh’s seventy shaykhs

Source:
Sacred Landscape in Medieval Afghanistan
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

No.

Name

Nickname (kunya)

Death year*

Main title

1

Rūmān al-Balkhī

Safīna

n/d

ṣaḥābī

2

D.aḥḥāk b. Muzāḥim

Abū al-Qāsim

100/718–9, 105/723–4, 106/724–5

tābiʿ

3

Saʿīd al-Maqburī

Abū ʿIbād

123/740–1

tābiʿ

4

ʿAṭāʾ b. Abī Sāʾib

Abū Marra

136/753–4

tābiʿ

5

Muqātil b. Ḥayyān

Abū Bisṭām

135/752–3

tābiʿ

6

ʿAṭāʾ al-Khurāsānī

ʿAtāʾ b. Maysara Abū Muslim

135/752–3

tābiʿ

7

Mutawakkil b. Ḥumrān al-Qāḍī

Abū ʿAbd al-Jabbār

142/759–60

tābiʿ, qāḍī

8

Muqātil b. Sulaymān

Abū al-Ḥasan

158/774–5

tābiʿ

9

Ibrāhīm b. Adham b. Manṣūr

Abū Isḥāq

161/777–8

zāhid

10

Yaʿqūb al-Qārī

Abū Bakr

163/779–80

shaykh

11

ʿUmar b. Maymūn al-Rammāḥ

(Not stated)

171/787–8

qāḍī

12

Shaqīq b. Ibrāhīm al-Zāhid al-Balkhī

(Not stated)

194/809–10

zāhid

13

Abū Muʿādh

Ḥārith b. Sulaymān

199/814?

imām

14

Ḥakam b. ʿAbd Allāh

Abū Muṭīʿ

204/819–20

qāḍī

15

Wusaym b. Jamīl al-Thaqafī

Abū Muḥammad

182/798

ʿābid

16

Salm b. Sālim

(Not stated)

174/790–1

shaykh

17

ʿUmar b. Hārūn al-Balkhī

Abū Ḥafṣ

196/811–2

shaykh

18

ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿUmar b. Maymūn al-Rammāḥ

Muḥammad al-Qāḍī

197/812–3*

qāḍī

19

Ḥātim al-Aṣamm

Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān

237/857–8

ḥakīm

20

Qāsim (b.) Zurayq

Abū Muḥammad al-Faqīh

205/820–1

faqīh

21

Khalaf b. Ayyūb

Abū Saʿīd

205/820–1

(qāḍī-designate)

22

Shaddād b. Ḥakīm/Ḥukaym

Abū ʿUthmān

214/829

qāḍī

23

ʿIṣām b. Yūsuf

(Not stated)

215/830

ḥakīm

24

Makkī b. Ibrāhīm

Abū Sakan al-Ṣudūq

215/830

shaykh

25

Shihāb b. Maʿmar

(Not stated)

216/831–2

shaykh

26

Layth b. Musāwir

Abū Yaḥyā

244/838–4 or 226/840–1

walī al-quḍāt

27

Mūsā b. Sulaymān al-Jūzjānī

Abū Sulaymān

after 200/815–6

shaykh

28

Ibrāhīm b. Yūsuf

Abū Isḥāq

239/853–4

shaykh al-mashāyikh

29

Aḥmad b. Khiḍrawayh/ Khiḍrūya

Abū Ḥāmid

240/854–5

shaykh

30

Qutayba b. Saʿīd al-Baghlānī

Abū Rajāʾ al-Thaqafī

240/854–5

shaykh

31

Muḥammad b. al-Qāḍī Abī Muṭīʿ

Abū Jaʿfar

244/858–9

shaykh

32

Muḥammad b. Abān al-Balkhī

Abū Bakr

244/858–9

shaykh

33

Muḥammad b. Mālik b. Bakr b. Bakkār b. Qays b. al-Ḥūrab b. al-Ḥārith b. al-Hāshim al-ʿArabī al-Balkhī

(Not stated)

244/858–9

shaykh

34

Aḥmad b. Yaʿqūb b. Marwān b. al-Qaʿqāʿ b. Riyāḥ b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Aḥmad b. al-Aswad al-Qārī

Abū Ṣāliḥ

247/861–2

shaykh

35

Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿĪsā b. Ibrāhīm, known as Muḥammad b. Farrūkh

Abū Jaʿfar al-Musbajī

275/888–9

shaykh

36

Muḥammad b. al-Fuḍayl al-ʿĀbid

Abū Sulaymān

261/874–5

ʿābid

37

Naṣīr/Nuṣayr b. Yaḥyā (b. Muḥammad b. Shujāʿ) al-Balkhī

Abū Bakr

268/881

faqīh, zāhid

38

Abū Bakr b. Shādhān

(Not stated)

267/880

faqīh

39

Muḥammad b. Salama

Abū ʿAbd Allāh

279/892–3

shaykh

40

Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-Warrāq al-Tirmidhī

Abū Bakr

294/906–7

shaykh

41

Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Salām al-Faqīh al-Balkhī

Abū Naṣr

305/917–8

faqīh

42

Muḥammad b. ʿAqīl (also b. Ṭalḥa) b. al-Azhar al-Balkhī

Abū ʿAbd Allāh

316/928–9

imām-i buzurg

43

Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. al-Balkhī

Abū ʿAbd Allāh

319/931

shaykh

44

Khalīl al-Ṣaffār al-Balkhī

Abū al-Qāsim

326/937–8

faqīh

45

Saʿīd al-ʿĀlim al-Faqīh al-Balkhī

Abū Bakr

328/939–40

faqīh

46

ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. Tarkhān

Abū Bakr

333/944–5

shaykh

47

Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Iskāfī

Abū Bakr

333/944–5

shaykh

48

ʿAlī b. Aḥmad b. Mūsā b. Marwān Pārsī/al-Fārisī

Abū al-Ḥasan

335/946–7

shaykh

49

Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-Balkhī

Abū Jaʿfar al-Hindūwānī

362/972–3

shaykh

50

ʿUbayd Allāh b. Abī Bakr b. Abī Saʿīd

Abū al-Qāsim

370/980–1

shaykh

51

Naṣr b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Khaṭṭāb al-Samarqandī

Abū al-Layth

376/987

faqīh, zāhid

52

(Muḥammad b.) Ibrāhīm b. Aḥmad (b. Ibrāhīm b. Aḥmad b. Dāwūd) al-Mustamlī

Abū Isḥāq

376/986–7

shaykh

53

Yūnus b. Ṭāhir al-Naṣīrī/ Nuṣayrī

Abū al-Qāsim

411/1020

Shaykh al-Islām

54

Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. Ṣāliḥ

Abū Bakr b. Amīrak b. al-Rawwās al-Balkhī

413/1022–3

qāḍī

55

ʿAbd al-Raḥīm b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Aḥmad al-Ṣayrafī

Abū al-Fatḥ al-Balkhī

454/1062

qāḍī al-quḍāt, Shaykh al-Islām

56

al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Jaʿfar al-Wakhshī

Abū ʿAlī

471/1078–9

qāḍī al-quḍāt, al-ʿālim, al-zāhid

57

Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Malik b. Muḥammad b. ʿAmr

Abu Bakr al-Iskāfī

475/1082–3

qāḍī al-quḍāt, shaykh al-mashāyikh, khaṭīb

58

Khalīl b. Aḥmad b. Ismāʿīl al-Sijzī

Abū Saʿīd

481/1088–9

qāḍī al-quḍāt

59

Shams al-Aʾimma Muḥammad b. Abī Sahl al-Sarakhsī

Abū Bakr

481/1082–3

shaykh

60

al-Ḥusayn al-Maḥmūdī

(Not stated)

506/1112–3

qāḍī al-quḍāt,akīm

61

Muḥammad b. ʿUmar b. ʿAlī al-Najjār al-D.arīr al-Balkhī

(Not stated)

511/1117–8

shaykh al-mashāyikh

62

Muḥammad b. Abī Muḥammad [b.] Abī al-Qāsim b. Abī al-Qaṣīr al-Balkhī

(Not stated)

511/1117–8

qāḍī al-quḍāt, Shaykh al-Islām

63

Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Zhālī

Abū Jaʿfar

517/1123

Shaykh al-Islām

64

al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib al-Ḥusaynī

Sharaf al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad

532/1137–8

az baqiyyat-i salaf

65

Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī b. al-ʿAbbās b. Abī al-ʿAbbās al-Qalānisī al-Ashburghānī

(Not stated)

535/1140–1

Shaykh al-Islām

66

ʿUthmān b. ʿUmar b. Abī Bakr al-Ghaznawī al-Shilgharī al-Maqrī

Abū Bakr ʿUmar

536/1141–2

shaykh

67

(Ṭāhir b.) Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥusaynī

Abū al-Ḥasan

537/1142–3

raʿīs, naqīb

68

Muḥammad b. al-Muʿtaṣim b. Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. (Muḥammad) al-Marjānī

Abū Bakr

572 /1176–7

shaykh

69

Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Naṣr al-Bisṭāmī

(Not stated)

562/1166–7

shaykh al-imām

70

Muḥammad b. Aḥmad (b.) Ibrāhīm al-Zāhid al-Balkhī

Abū Bakr

584/1188–9

shaykh al-Islām

(*) Death years are as given in FB in the first instance, or if not available in FB, then per other sources. Where diff erent death years are possible, the most likely one is suggested.