Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Starry Sky WithinAstronomy and the Reach of the Mind in Victorian Literature$

Anna Henchman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199686964

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686964.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 19 June 2018

(p.266) Bibliography

(p.266) Bibliography

The Starry Sky Within
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Abrams, M. H., Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature, 1st edn. (New York: Norton, 1971).

Agamben, Giorgio, The Open: Man and Animal (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004).

Albright, Daniel, Tennyson: The Muses’ Tug-of-War (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1986).

Allen, Grant (writing as Olive Pratt Rayner), The Type-Writer Girl, ed. Clarissa J. Suranyi (Toronto: Broadview, 2004).

Anderson, Amanda, The Powers of Distance: Cosmopolitanism and the Cultivation of Detachment (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Anger, Suzy, “George Eliot and Philosophy,” in George Levine ed., The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot, ed. George Levine (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 76–97.

—— Victorian Interpretation (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005).

Armstrong, Isobel, “Spaces of the Nineteenth-Century Novel,” The Cambridge History of Victorian Literature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), 575–97.

—— Victorian Glassworlds: Glass Culture and the Imagination, 1830–1880 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

—— Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics, and Politics (London: Routledge, 1993).

Arnheim, Rudolf, Visual Thinking (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969).

Ashton, Rosemary, George Eliot: A Life (New York: Allen Lane/The Penguin Press, 1996).

Asimov, Isaac, Eyes on the Universe: A History of the Telescope (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975).

Bain, Alexander, The Senses and the Intellect, 3rd edn. (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1868).

Baker, William, The George Eliot–George Henry Lewes Library: An Annotated Catalogue of Their Books at Dr. William’s Library, London (New York: Garland Pub., 1977).

Ball, Robert S., The Story of the Heavens (London: Cassell, 1885).

—— Star-Land, Being Talks with Young People about the Wonders of the Heavens (Boston: Ginn and Co., 1892).

(p.267) Barloon, Jim, “Star-Crossed Love: The Gravity of Science in Hardy’s Two on a Tower,” The Victorian Newsletter 94 (1998): 27–32.

Batchen, Geoffrey, Burning with Desire: The Conception of Photography (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997).

Beer, Gillian, Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 3rd edn. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

—— Open Fields: Science in Cultural Encounter (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

—— “‘The Death of the Sun’: Victorian Solar Physics and the Solar Myth,” in J. B. Bullen, ed., The Sun Is God: Painting, Literature and Mythology in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989), 159–80.

Berger, John, Ways of Seeing (London: British Broadcasting Corporation and London: Penguin, 1972).

Berger, Sheila, Thomas Hardy and Visual Structures: Framing, Disruption, Process (New York: New York University Press, 1990).

Black, Barbara J., On Exhibit: Victorians and Their Museums, Victorian Literature and Culture Series (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2000).

Booth, Wayne C., The Rhetoric of Fiction, 2nd edn. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983).

Bowie, Malcolm, Proust Among the Stars (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).

Bown, Nicola, Burdett, Carolyn, and Thurschwell, Pamela, eds., The Victorian Supernatural (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Brewster, David, A Treatise on the Kaleidoscope (Edinburgh: Archibald Constable & Co., 1819).

Brewster, David, Sherborn, H. R., and Jones, R. W. M., The Stereoscope: Its History, Theory, and Construction: With Its Application to the Fine and Useful Arts and to Education (London: John Murray, 1856).

Brooks, Peter, “Modernism and Realism: Joyce, Proust, Woolf,” Realist Vision (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005), 198–211.

Buckley, Jerome Hamilton, The Worlds of Victorian Fiction (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1975).

Buckner, Randy L., “Self-Projection and the Brain,” Trends in Cognitive Science 11.2 (Feb 2007): 49–57.

Bullen, J. B., The Expressive Eye: Fiction and Perception in the Work of Thomas Hardy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).

Buzard, James, Disorienting Fiction: The Autoethnographic Work of Nineteenth-Century British Novels (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005).

Canales, Jimena, A Tenth of a Second: A History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009).

—— “Exit the Frog, Enter the Human: Physiology and Experimental Psychology in Nineteenth-Century Astronomy,” British Journal for the History of Science 34.2 (2001): 173–97.

(p.268) Canales, Jimena, “Photogenic Venus: The ‘Cinematographic Turn’ and Its Alternatives in Nineteenth-Century France,” Isis 93.4 (2002): 585–613.

Cannon, Susan Faye, Science in Culture: The Early Victorian Period (Folkestone: Dawson Publishing, 1978).

Cantor, G. N., Optics after Newton: Theories of Light in Britain and Ireland, 1704–1840 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1983).

—— Science in the Nineteenth-Century Periodical: Reading the Magazine of Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

—— and Hodge, M. J. S., Conceptions of Ether: Studies in the History of Ether Theories, 1740–1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

—— and Shuttleworth, Sally, eds., Science Serialized: Representations of the Sciences in Nineteenth-Century Periodicals (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004).

Cecil, David, Victorian Novelists: Essays in Revaluation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958).

Chambers, Robert, Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, 11th edn. (London: J. Churchill, 1860).

Chapman, Allan, The Victorian Amateur Astronomer: Independent Astronomical Research in Britain, 1820–1920 (Chichester and New York: Wiley published in association with Praxis Publishing, 1998).

Chase, Karen, “Introduction,” in Karen Chase, ed., Middlemarch in the Twenty-First Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 3–14.

—— The Victorians and Old Age (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

—— and Levenson, Michael H., The Spectacle of Intimacy: A Public Life for the Victorian Family (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Chatman, Seymour, Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980).

Chodat, Robert, Worldly Acts and Sentient Things: The Persistence of Agency from Stein to DeLillo (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008).

Christ, Carol, “Aggression and Providential Death in George Eliot’s Fiction,” Novel: A Forum on Fiction 9.2 (1976): 130–40.

Clair, Jean, ed., Cosmos: From Goya to De Chirico, from Friedrich to Kiefer, Art in Pursuit of the Infinite (Venice: Bompiani, 2000).

Clark, Cumberland, Astronomy in the Poets (Norwood, PA: Norwood Editions, 1975).

Claybaugh, Amanda, The Novel of Purpose: Literature and Social Reform in the Anglo-American World (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006).

Clerke, Agnes M., A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century (London: Adam & Charles Black, 1893).

Clifford, Emma, “The ‘Trumpet-Major Notebook’ and The Dynasts,” The Review of English Studies VIII.30 (1957): 149–61.

Cohen, William A., Embodied: Victorian Literature and the Senses (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009).

(p.269) Cohen, William A., “Faciality and Sensation in Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native,” PMLA 121.2 (2006): 437–52.

Comte, Auguste, The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte, 3rd edn., translated and condensed by Harriet Martineau (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1893).

Cosgrove, Denis E., Apollo’s Eye: A Cartographic Genealogy of the Earth in the Western Imagination (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).

Cosslett, Tess, The “Scientific Movement” and Victorian Literature ([Brighton]: Harvester Press; New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982).

Crary, Jonathan, Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999).

—— Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990).

Cronin, Richard, Paper Pellets: British Literary Culture after Waterloo (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Crowe, Michael J., Modern Theories of the Universe: From Herschel to Hubble (New York: Dover Publications, 1994).

—— The Extraterrestrial Life Debate, 1750–1900 (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1999).

Dalziel, Pamela, “‘The Hard Case of the Would-Be-Religious’: Hardy and the Church from Early Life to Later Years,” in Keith Wilson, ed., A Companion to Thomas Hardy (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 71–85.

Dames, Nicholas, Amnesiac Selves: Nostalgia, Forgetting, and British Fiction, 1810–1870 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

—— The Physiology of the Novel: Reading, Neural Science, and the Form of Victorian Fiction (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Darrigol, Olivier, Electrodynamics from Ampère to Einstein (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Daston, Lorraine, “Baconian Facts, Academic Civility, and the Prehistory of Objectivity,” in Allan Megill, ed., Rethinking Objectivity (Durham: Duke University Press, 1994), 37–63.

—— “Fear and Loathing of the Imagination in Science,” Daedalus 127.1 (1998): 73–95.

—— “Objectivity and the Escape from Perspective,” Social Studies of Science 22.4 (1992): 597–618.

—— “Saintly Resonances,” London Review of Books 24.21 (2002): 16.

—— “The Academies and the Unity of Knowledge: The Disciplining of Disciplines,” Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 10.2 (1998): 67–86.

—— and Galison, Peter, Objectivity (New York: Zone Books; Cambridge, MA, distributed by the MIT Press, 2007).

—— “The Image of Objectivity,” Representations 40 (1992): 81–128.

Davy, Humphry, Consolations in Travel, or the Last Days of a Philosopher (London: John Murray, 1830).

(p.270) Dawson, Gowan, Darwin, Literature and Victorian Respectability (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

De Luca, V. A., Thomas De Quincey, the Prose of Vision (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980).

De Quincey, Thomas, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater and Other Writings, ed. Barry Milligan (London: Penguin, 2003).

—— “System of the Heavens as Revealed by Lord Rosse’s Telescopes,” Tait’s Edinburgh Magazine n.s. 13 (1846): 566–79.

—— “System of the Heavens as Revealed by Lord Rosse’s Telescopes,” in David Masson, ed., The Collected Writings of Thomas De Quincey (Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1890).

—— The Works of Thomas De Quincey, eds. Grevel Lindop and Barry Symonds (London and Brookfield, VT: Pickering & Chatto, 2000).

Dean, Dennis R., “‘Through Science to Despair’: Geology and the Victorians,” Victorian Science and Victorian Values: Literary Perspectives, in James Paradis and James Postlewait, eds. (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1981), 111–35.

Dean, Susan, Hardy’s Poetic Vision in The Dynasts: The Diorama of a Dream. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977).

DeWitt, Anne, “‘The Actual Sky Is a Horror’: Thomas Hardy and the Arnoldian Conception of Science,” Nineteenth-Century Literature 61.4 (2007): 479–506.

Dickens, Charles, A Child’s Dream of a Star (Boston: Fields, Osgood, 1871).

—— Bleak House, ed. Nicola Bradbury (London: Penguin, 1996).

—— Dombey and Son, ed. Andrew Sanders, Penguin Classics (London: Penguin Books, 2002).

—— Little Dorrit, ed. John Holloway (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967).

—— A Tale of Two Cities, ed. Andrew Sanders (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Dickinson, Emily, The Poems of Emily Dickinson: Variorum Edition, ed. R. W. Franklin (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998).

Dimock, Wai-chee, Through Other Continents: American Literature across Deep Time (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006).

Donnelly, Marian C., A Short History of Observatories (Eugene: University of Oregon Books, 1973).

Doyle, Arthur Conan, A Study in Scarlet and other stories (New York: Collier, 1904).

Eliot, George, Daniel Deronda, ed. Terence Cave (London: Penguin, 1995).

—— The George Eliot Letters, ed. Gordon S. Haight (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1954).

—— George Eliot’s Daniel Deronda Notebooks, ed. Jane Irwin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

—— George Eliot’s Middlemarch Notebooks: A Transcription, ed. John Clark Pratt and Victor A. Newfeldt (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979).

—— Middlemarch, ed. W. J. Harvey (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1965).

(p.271) Eliot, George, “The Natural History of German Life,” Westminster Review 66 (July 1856).

—— “The Natural History of German Life,” in Nathan Sheppard, ed., The Essays of “George Eliot” (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1883).

—— Some George Eliot Notebooks: An Edition of the Carl H. Pforzheimer Library’s George Eliot Holograph Notebooks, Mss 707, 708, 709, 710, 711 (Salzburg: Institut für Englisch Sprache und Literatur, Universität Salzburg, 1976).

Emerson, P. H., Naturalistic Photography for Students of the Art (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1889).

Favret, Mary A., War at a Distance: Romanticism and the Making of Modern Wartime (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010).

Fisher, Philip, Hard Facts: Setting and Form in the American Novel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).

—— Making up Society: The Novels of George Eliot (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1981).

—— Still the New World: American Literature in a Culture of Creative Destruction (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999).

Flint, Kate, The Victorians and the Visual Imagination (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Fontenelle, Bernard le Bovier de, Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds, trans. H. A. Hargreaves (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).

—— Entretiens sur la pluralité des mondes, ed. Alexandre Calame (Paris: M. Didier, 1966).

Forster, E. M., Aspects of the Novel (New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1927).

Foucault, Michel, The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (New York: Routledge, 2002).

Freedgood, Elaine, The Ideas in Things: Fugitive Meaning in the Victorian Novel (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006).

Friedman, Michael, Kant and the Exact Sciences (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992).

Galison, Peter, “Objectivity Is Romantic,” American Council of Learned Societies Occasional Paper 47 (2000): 15–43.

Gaull, Marilyn, “Under Romantic Skies: Astronomy and the Poets,” The Wordsworth Circle 21.1 (1990): 34–41.

Gee, Sophie, Making Waste: Leftovers and the Eighteenth-Century Imagination (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

Genette, Gérard, Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method, trans. Jane E. Lewin (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980).

Gettelman, Debra, “Reading Ahead in George Eliot,” Novel: A Forum on Fiction 39.1 (2005): 25–47.

Gilbert, Sandra M. and Gubar, Susan, The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979).

(p.272) Gingerich, Owen. The Eye of Heaven: Ptolemy, Copernicus, Kepler. (New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993).

Gold, Barri J., ThermoPoetics: Energy in Victorian Literature and Science (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010).

Gossin, Pamela, “‘All Danae to the Stars’: Nineteenth Century Representations of Women in the Cosmos,” Victorian Studies 40.1 (1996): 65–96.

—— “Poetic Resolutions of Scientific Revolutions: Astronomy and the Literary Imaginations of Donne, Swift, and Hardy,” PhD diss., University of Wisconsin–Madison, 1990.

—— Thomas Hardy’s Novel Universe: Astronomy, Cosmology, and Gender in the Post- Darwinian World, The Nineteenth Century Series (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007).

Gray, Erik, Milton and the Victorians (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009).

—— The Poetry of Indifference: From the Romantics to the Rubáiyát (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005).

Green, Laura Morgan, Educating Women: Cultural Conflict and Victorian Literature (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001).

Gregory, Richard L., The Intelligent Eye (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1970).

Greiner, Rae, Sympathetic Realism in Nineteenth-Century Britain (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012).

Guyer, Paul, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Hack, Daniel, The Material Interests of the Victorian Novel (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2005).

Haraway, Donna J., Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (New York: Routledge, 1991).

Hardy, Barbara Nathan, The Novels of George Eliot: A Study in Form (London: The Athlone Press, 1959).

Hardy, Florence Emily, The Early Life of Thomas Hardy, 1840–1891, Compiled Largely from Contemporary Notes, Letters, Diaries, and Biographical Memoranda, as Well as from Oral Information in Conversations Extending over eds Years (New York: Macmillan, 1928).

Hardy, Thomas, A Pair of Blue Eyes, ed. Pamela Dalziel (London: Penguin Books, 1998).

—— The Collected Letters of Thomas Hardy, eds. Richard L. Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998–88).

—— The Dynasts, an Epic-Drama of the War with Napoleon, in Three Parts, Nineteen Acts, & One Hundred & Thirty Scenes, the Time Covered by the Action Being About Ten Years (London: Macmillan, 1910).

—— Far from the Madding Crowd (New York: Signet Classics, 1960).

—— Jude the Obscure, ed. C. H. Sisson (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1978).

—— The Literary Notebooks of Thomas Hardy, ed. Lennart A. Björk (New York: New York University Press, 1985).

—— The Mayor of Casterbridge, ed. Martin Seymour-Smith (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).

(p.273) Hardy, Thomas, The Personal Notebooks of Thomas Hardy: With an Appendix Including the Unpublished Passages in the Original Typescripts of the Life of Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Hyde Taylor (New York: Columbia University Press, 1979).

—— The Return of the Native, ed. George Woodcock (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).

—— Tess of the D’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman, ed. David Skilton, Penguin English Library (Harmondsworth and New York: Penguin, 1978).

—— Thomas Hardy’s “Facts” Notebook: A Critical Edition, ed. William Greenslade (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004).

—— Thomas Hardy’s “Poetical Matter” Notebook, eds. Michael Millgate and Pamela Dalziel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

—— Thomas Hardy’s Studies, Specimens & C. Notebook, eds. Pamela Dalziel and Michael Millgate (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

—— Thomas Hardy: The Complete Poems, ed. James Gibson (Houndmills and New York: Palgrave, 2001).

—— Two on a Tower, ed. Suleiman M. Ahmad (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).

—— The Woodlanders (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1974).

Harris, Victor, All Coherence Gone: a Study of the Seventeenth Century Controversy over Disorder and Decay in the Universe (London: Cass, 1966).

Harris, Wendell V., The Omnipresent Debate: Empiricism and Transcendentalism in Nineteenth-Century English Prose (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1981).

Haught, John, “Science, God and Cosmic Purpose,” in Peter Harrison, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 260–77.

Heidegger, Martin, The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics: World, Finitude, Solitude (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001).

Heller-Roazen, Daniel, The Inner Touch: Archaeology of a Sensation (New York: Zone Books; Cambridge, MA: Distributed by the MIT Press, 2007).

Helmholtz, Hermann von, “The Recent Progress of the Theory of Vision,” Popular Lectures on Scientific Subjects, trans. E. Atkinson (New York: D. Appleton, 1873).

Henry, Holly, Virginia Woolf and the Discourse of Science: The Aesthetics of Astronomy (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Herbert, Christopher, Victorian Relativity: Radical Thought and Scientific Discovery (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001).

Herschel, John F. W., A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy (London: Printed for Longman, Rees, Orme Brown, and Green…and John Taylor…, 1831).

—— Essays from the Edinburgh and Quarterly Reviews: With Addresses and Other Pieces (London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts, 1857).

—— Familiar Lectures on Scientific Subjects (New York: George Routledge & Sons, 1871).

(p.274) Herschel, John F. W., Herschel at the Cape; Diaries and Correspondence of Sir John Herschel, 1834–1838, ed. David Stanley Evans et al. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1969).

—— Outlines of Astronomy (Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1849).

—— Treatise on Astronomy (London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman and John Taylor, 1833).

Hertz, Neil, George Eliot’s Pulse (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003).

Hewitt, Martin and Cowgill, Rachel, eds., Victorian Soundscapes Revisited (Horsforth, Leeds: Trinity and All Saints/Leeds Centre for Victorian Studies, 2007).

Holmes, Richard, The Age of Wonder: How the Romantic Generation Discovered the Beauty and Terror of Science (New York: Pantheon Books, 2008).

Holton, Gerald James, Victory and Vexation in Science: Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, and Others (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005).

Homans, Margaret, Bearing the Word: Language and Female Experience in Nineteenth- Century Women’s Writing (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986).

Hoskin, Michael, “Astronomy’s Matriarch,” Sky & Telescope 109.5 (2005): 42–6.

——, ed., The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Hubel, David H., Eye, Brain, and Vision (New York: Scientific American Library, distributed by W. H. Freeman, 1995).

Humboldt, Alexander von, Cosmos: A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe (London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1846).

Hume, David, Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals, eds. P. H. Nidditch and L. A. Selby-Bigge (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).

Huxley, Aldous, “Meditation on the Moon,” Music at Night and Other Essays (London: Penguin, 1955), 55–6.

Jaffe, Audrey, Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative, and the Subject of Omniscience (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).

Janowitz, Anne, “‘What a Rich Fund of Images Is Treasured Up Here’: Poetic Commonplaces of the Sublime Universe,” Studies in Romanticism 44.4 (2005): 469–92.

Jay, Martin, Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

—— “Scopic Regimes of Modernity,” in Hal Foster, ed., Vision and Visuality (Seattle: Bay Press, 1988), 3–23.

Jenkins, Alice, Space and the “March of Mind”: Literature and the Physical Sciences in Britain, 1815–1850 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Jordanova, L. J., Sexual Visions: Images of Gender in Science and Medicine between the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989).

Kant, Immanuel, “Concerning the Ultimate Ground of the Differentiation of Directions in Space,” in David Walford, ed. and trans., in collaboration with (p.275) Ralf Meerbote, Immanuel Kant: Theoretical Philosophy, 1755–1770 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), 364–72.

—— Critique of Pure Reason, trans. J. M. D. Meiklejohn (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1990).

—— Kant’s Cosmogony as in His Essay on the Retardation of the Rotation of the Earth and His Natural History and Theory of the Heavens. With Introduction, Appendices, and a Portrait of Thomas Wright of Durham, ed. and trans. W. Hastie (Glasgow: J. Maclehose and sons, 1900).

—— Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime, trans. John T. Goldthwait (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960).

—— “What is Orientation in Thinking?,” in Hans Reiss, ed., H. B. Nisbet, trans., Kant’s Political Writings (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 235–49.

Keats, John, Complete Poems, 2nd edn., ed. John Barnard (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977).

Keller, Evelyn Fox, “The Paradox of Scientific Subjectivity,” in Allan Megill, ed., Rethinking Objectivity (Durham: Duke University Press, 1994), 313–31.

Kenner, Hugh, Ulysses (London and Boston, MA: G. Allen & Unwin, 1980).

Kern, Stephen, The Culture of Time and Space 1880–1918 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983).

King, Amy M., “Reorienting the Scientific Frontier: Victorian Tide Pools and Literary Realism,” Victorian Studies 47.2 (2005): 153–63.

Koestler, Arthur, The Sleepwalkers: a History of Man’s Changing Vision of the Universe (London: Hutchinson, 1959).

Korg, Jacob, “Astronomical Imagery in Victorian Poetry,” in James Paradis and Thomas Postlewait, eds., Victorian Science and Victorian Values: Literary Perspectives (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1985), 137–58.

Körner, Stephan, Kant (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1955).

Koyré, Alexandre, From the Closed World to the Infinite Universe (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1957).

Krasner, James, The Entangled Eye: Visual Perception and the Representation of Nature in Post-Darwinian Narrative (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Kreilkamp, Ivan, “Pitying the Sheep in Far from the Madding Crowd,” Novel: A Forum on Fiction 42.3 (2009): 474–81.

—— Voice and the Victorian Storyteller (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Kucich, John, “George Eliot and Objects: Meaning and Matter in The Mill on the Floss,” Dickens Studies Annual 12 (1983): 319–40.

Kuhn, Thomas S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 3rd edn. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).

Kurnick, David, Empty Houses: Theatrical Failure and the Novel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012).

(p.276) Landy, Joshua, Philosophy as Fiction: Self, Deception, and Knowledge in Proust (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Latour, Bruno, “A Relativist Account of Einstein’s Relativity,” Social Studies of Science 18 (1988): 3–44.

Law, Jules, The Social Life of Fluids: Blood, Milk, and Water in the Victorian Novel (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010).

Leavis, F. R., The Great Tradition: George Eliot, Henry James, Joseph Conrad (London: Chatto & Windus, 1948).

Levine, Caroline, The Serious Pleasures of Suspense: Victorian Realism and Narrative Doubt (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2003).

Levine, George, ed., The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

—— Darwin and the Novelists: Patterns of Science in Victorian Fiction (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988).

—— Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002).

—— “Hardy and Darwin: An Enchanting Hardy?,” in Keith Wilson, ed., A Companion to Thomas Hardy (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 36–53.

—— “Realism Reconsidered,” in Michael J. Hoffman and Patrick D. Murphy, eds., Essentials of the Theory of Fiction (Durham: Duke University Press, 1996), 234–45.

—— “Why Science Isn’t Literature: The Importance of Differences,” in Allan Megill, ed., Rethinking Objectivity (Durham: Duke University Press, 1994), 65–80.

Lewes, George Henry, “Sea-Side Studies,” Blackwood’s Magazine 880 (August 1856): 184–97.

—— Sea-Side Studies at Ilfracombe, Tenby, the Scilly Isles, and Jersey, 2nd edn. (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1860).

Lewis, C. S., The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Lightman, Bernard V., Victorian Popularizers of Science: Designing Nature for New Audiences (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007).

—— “‘The Voices of Nature’: Popularizing Victorian Science,” in Bernard V. Lightman, ed., Victorian Science in Context (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997), 187–211.

Lindop, Grevel, The Opium-Eater: A Life of Thomas De Quincey (London: Weidenfeld, 1981).

Litz, A. Walton, “Ithaca,” in Harold Bloom, ed., James Joyce’s Ulysses (Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2003), 67–86.

Lockyer, Norman and Lucas Lockyer, Winifred, Tennyson, as a Student and Poet of Nature (New York: Russell & Russell, 1972).

Lubbock, Percy, The Craft of Fiction (New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1921).

(p.277) Luckhurst, Roger, The Invention of Telepathy, 1870–1901 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Lukács, Georg, The Theory of the Novel: A Historico-philosophical Essay on the Forms of Great Epic Literature, trans. Anna Bostock (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993).

MacDuffie, Allen. “Irreversible Transformations: Robert Louis Stevenson’s Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Scottish Energy Science,” Representations 96 (Autumn 2009): 1–20.

—— “Joseph Conrad’s Geographies of Energy,” ELH 76.1 (2009): 75–98.

Mallett, Phillip, “Hardy and Philosophy,” in Keith Wilson, ed., A Companion to Thomas Hardy (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 21–35.

——, ed., Palgrave Advances in Thomas Hardy Studies (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).

——, ed., Thomas Hardy: Texts and Contexts (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002).

Marshall, Linda, “Astronomy of the Invisible: Contexts for Christina Rossetti’s Heavenly Parables,” in Mary Arseneau, Antony H. Harrison, and Lorraine Janzen Kooistra, eds., The Culture of Christina Rossetti: Female Poetics and Victorian Contexts (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1999).

Masson, David, Recent British Philosophy: A Review, with Criticisms (London: Macmillan, 1865).

Mattes, Eleanor Bustin, In Memoriam: The Way of a Soul; a Study of Some Influences That Shaped Tennyson’s Poem (New York: Exposition Press, 1951).

Maynard, Katherine Kearney, Thomas Hardy’s Tragic Poetry: The Lyrics and The Dynasts (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1991).

Meadows, A. J., The High Firmament: A Survey of Astronomy in English Literature (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1969).

Menand, Louis, The Metaphysical Club (New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux, 2001).

Menke, Richard, Telegraphic Realism: Victorian Fiction and Other Information Systems (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008).

Michie, Helena and Thomas, Ronalde, eds., Nineteenth-Century Geographies: The Transformation of Space from the Victorian Age to the American Century (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2003).

Miller, Andrew H., The Burdens of Perfection: On Ethics and Reading in Nineteenth-Century British Literature (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008).

—— “Lives Unled in Realist Fiction,” Representations 98 (2007): 118–34.

—— Novels Behind Glass: Commodity, Culture, and Victorian Narrative, Literature Culture Theory 17 (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Miller, D. A., Narrative and Its Discontents: Problems of Closure in the Traditional Novel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981).

—— The Novel and the Police (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).

Miller, J. Hillis, Charles Dickens: The World of His Novels (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958).

(p.278) Miller, J. Hillis, The Disappearance of God (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991).

—— The Form of Victorian Fiction (Cleveland: Arete Press, 1979).

—— Thomas Hardy, Distance and Desire (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1970).

Millgate, Michael, “Thomas Hardy’s Library at Max Gate: Catalogue of an Attempted Reconstruction,” 2003, http://www.library.utoronto.ca/fisher/hardy/hardycataz.pdf (accessed 16 June 2008).

Millhauser, M., Fire and Ice; the Influence of Science on Tennyson’s Poetry, Tennyson Society Monographs (Lincoln: Keyworth and Fry, 1971).

Milton, John, Paradise Lost: A Poem in Twelve Books, ed. Merritt Y. Hughes (New York: Macmillan, 1962).

—— Paradise Lost: Authoritative Text, Sources and Backgrounds, Criticism, ed. Gordon Teskey (New York: Norton, 2005).

Minard, Charles, Napoleon’s March to Moscow, the War of 1812 (Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press, 1991).

Moretti, Franco, Atlas of the European Novel, 1800–1900 (London: Verso, 1998).

—— Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstract Models for a Literary History (London: Verso, 2005).

—— “Network Theory, Plot Analysis,” New Left Review 68 (March–April 2011): 80–112.

Morgan, Rosemarie, Cancelled Words: Rediscovering Thomas Hardy (London: Routledge, 1992).

——, ed., The Ashgate Research Companion to Thomas Hardy (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010).

Murray, Alex, “Vestiges of the Phoenix: De Quincey, Kant and the Heavens,” Victoriographies 1.2 (2011): 243–60.

Mussell, James, Science, Time and Space in the Late Nineteenth-Century Periodical Press (Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007).

Nagel, Thomas, The View from Nowhere (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).

—— “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?,” in Ned Block, Owen Flanagan, and Güven Güzeldere, eds., The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997), 519–27.

Nasmyth, James and Carpenter, James, The Moon Considered as a Planet, a World, and a Satellite (London: John Murray, 1885).

Nestor, Pauline, George Eliot (Houndmills: Palgrave, 2002).

Nichol, J. P., Thoughts on Some Important Points Relating to the System of the World (Edinburgh, London, and Dublin: W. Tait; Simpkin Marshall; J. Cumming, 1846).

—— Views of the Architecture of the Heavens: In a Series of Letters to a Lady, 2nd edn. (Edinburgh: W. Tait, 1838).

Novak, Daniel Akiva, Realism, Photography, and Nineteenth-Century Fiction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

(p.279) Otis, Laura, ed., Literature and Science in the Nineteenth Century: An Anthology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

—— Membranes: Metaphors of Invasion in Nineteenth-Century Literature, Science, and Politics (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999).

—— Networking: Communicating with Bodies and Machines in the Nineteenth Century (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001).

Otter, Chris, The Victorian Eye: A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800–1910 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008).

Otto, Peter, Multiplying Worlds: Romanticism, Modernity, and the Emergence of Virtual Reality (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Palmer, Alan, Fictional Minds (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004).

—— Social Minds in the Novel (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2010).

Panek, Richard, Seeing and Believing: How the Telescope Opened Our Eyes and Minds to the Heavens? (New York: Viking, 1998).

Pascal, Blaise, Pensées, rev. edn. trans. A. J. Krailsheimer (London: Penguin, 1995).

Pater, Walter, The Renaissance: Studies in Art and Poetry: The 1893 Text, ed. Donald Hill (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980).

Paulin, Tom, Thomas Hardy: The Poetry of Perception, 2nd edn. (London: Macmillan, 1986).

Pesic, Peter, Sky in a Bottle (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005).

Pettitt, Claire, Patent Inventions: Intellectual Property and the Victorian Novel (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Picker, John M., Victorian Soundscapes (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Pinch, Adela, Thinking About Other People in Nineteenth-Century British Writing (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Plotz, John, Portable Property: Victorian Culture on the Move (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).

—— The Crowd: British Literature and Public Politics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000).

Poe, Edgar Allan, Poetry, Tales, and Selected Essays (New York: Library of America, 1996).

The Popular Educator: Volume the Sixth (London: John Cassell, 1855).

Postlethwaite, Diana, “George Eliot and Science,” in George Levine, ed., The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 98–118.

—— Making it Whole: A Victorian Circle and the Shape of their World (Columbus: Ohio University Press, 1984).

Price, Leah, The Anthology and the Rise of the Novel: From Richardson to George Eliot (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Prince, Gerald, A Dictionary of Narratology (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987).

Proctor, Richard A., Essays on Astronomy: A Series of Papers on Planets and Meteors, the Sun and Sun-Surrounding Space, Stars and Star Cloudlets; and a Dissertation on the (p.280) Approaching Transits of Venus. Preceded by a Sketch of the Life and Works of Sir John Herschel (London: Longman’s Green and Co., 1872).

—— Half-Hours with the Telescope: Being a Popular Guide to the Use of the Telescope as a Means of Amusement and Instruction (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1873).

—— Other Worlds Than Ours (London: International Science Library, 1870).

—— The Poetry of Astronomy: A Series of Familiar Essays on the Heavenly Bodies (London: Smith, 1881).

Proust, Marcel, Swann’s Way: In Search of Lost Time, Vol. 1, trans. Lydia Davis (New York: Penguin, 2004).

Puchner, Martin, Stage Fright: Modernism, Anti-Theatricality, and Drama (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Radford, Andrew D., Thomas Hardy and the Survivals of Time (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003).

Ratcliffe, Sophie, On Sympathy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Rauch, Alan, Useful Knowledge: The Victorians, Morality, and the March of Intellect (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001).

Richardson, Alan, British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

—— The Neural Sublime: Cognitive Theories and Romantic Texts (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).

Richardson, Angelique, “Hardy and the Place of Culture,” in Keith Wilson, ed., A Companion to Thomas Hardy (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 54–70.

—— Love and Eugenics in the Late Nineteenth Century: Rational Reproduction and the New Woman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Robertson, Frances, “Science and Fiction: James Nasmyth’s Photographic Images of the Moon,” Victorian Studies 48.4 (2006): 595–623.

Rubery, Matthew, The Novelty of Newspapers: Victorian Fiction after the Invention of the News (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

Rudwick, Martin J. S., Scenes from Deep Time: Early Pictorial Representations of the Prehistoric World (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992).

Ruskin, John, On the Nature of Gothic Architecture: And Herein of the True Functions of the Workman in Art, 2nd edn. (London: Smith Elder & Co., 1854).

Ryan, Vanessa, Thinking Without Thinking in the Victorian Novel (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012).

Rylance, Rick, Victorian Psychology and British Culture, 1850–1880 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Rzepka, Charles J., Sacramental Commodities: Gift, Text, and the Sublime in De Quincey (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1995).

Sacks, Oliver, “Stereo Sue: Why Two Eyes Are Better Than One,” The New Yorker (19 June 2006): 64–73.

Sacks, Peter M., The English Elegy: Studies in the Genre from Spenser to Yeats (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985).

(p.281) Saigey, Emile, Les Sciences au xviiie siècle; la physique de Voltaire (Paris: G. Baillière, 1873).

Saltz, Laura, “‘The Art of Fixing a Shadow’: Talbot’s Polar Epistemology of Early Photography,” English Language Notes 44.2 (Fall/Winter 2006): 73–86.

——“‘Eyes Which Behold’: Poe’s ‘Domain of Arnheim’ And the Science of Vision,” The Edgar Allan Poe Review 7.1 (2006): 4–30.

—— “The Magnetism of a Photograph: Margaret Fuller and Daguerreotype Portraiture,” ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance 56.2 (2010): 107–22. This chapter, along with chapters on Emerson, Thoreau, and Poe, is part of Saltz’s unpublished manuscript, Imponderables: Photography and the Science of Light in American Literature.

—— “‘Rather Both than Neither’: The Polarity of Gender in Howe’s Hermaphrodite,” in Renée Bergland and Gary Williams, eds., Philosophies of Sex: New Essays on The Hermaphrodite (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2012).

—— “‘The Vision-Building Faculty’: Naturalist Vision in The House of Mirth,” MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 57.1 (Spring 2011): 17–46.

Sanders, Andrew, Charles Dickens (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Scarry, Elaine, The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).

—— “The Difficulty of Imagining Other Persons,” in Eugene Weiner, ed., The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence (New York: Continuum, 1998), 40–62.

—— Dreaming by the Book (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1999).

—— On Beauty and Being Just (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).

—— Resisting Representation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Schaffer, Simon, “Astronomers Mark Time: Discipline and the Personal Equation,” Science in Context 2.1 (1988): 115–45.

—— “Comets and the World’s End,” in Leo Howe and Alan Wain, eds., Predicting the Future (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), 52–76.

—— “The Leviathan of Parsonstown: Literary Technology and Scientific Representation,” in Timothy Lenoir, ed., Inscribing Science: Scientific Texts and the Materiality of Communication (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), 182–222.

—— “Metrology, Metrician, and Victorian Values,” in Bernard V. Lightman, ed., Victorian Science in Context (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997), 438–74.

—— “The Nebular Hypothesis and the Science of Progress,” in James R. Moore, ed., History, Humanity and Evolution (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 131–64.

—— “On Astronomical Drawing,” in Peter Galison and Carolyn Jones eds., Picturing Science, Producing Art, (New York: Routledge, 1998), 441–74.

—— “Where Experiments End: Tabletop Trials in Victorian Astronomy,” in Jed Z. Buchwald, ed., Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995), 257–99.

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang, The Railway Journey (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986).

(p.282) Schmitt, Cannon, Darwin and the Memory of the Human: Evolution, Savages, and South America (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

—— “Science and the Novel,” in John Kucich and Jenny Bourne Taylor, eds., The Nineteenth-Century Novel 1820–1880 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 461–75.

Schweber, Silvan S., “John Herschel and Charles Darwin: A Study in Parallel Lives,” Journal of the History of Biology 22.1 (1989): 1–71.

—— “Auguste Comte and the Nebular Hypothesis,” in Richard T. Bienvenu and Mordechai Feingold, eds., In the Presence of the Past: Essays in Honor of Frank Manuel (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991), 131–91.

Secord, James A., “Newton in the Nursery: Tom Telescope and the Philosophy of Tops and Balls, 1761–1838,” History of Science 23 (1985): 127–51.

—— Victorian Sensation: The Extraordinary Publication, Reception, and Secret Authorship of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

Sellars, Wilfrid, Science, Perception and Reality (New York: Humanities Press, 1963).

Sen, Amartya, “Positional Objectivity,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 22.2 (1993): 126–45.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe, Shelley’s Poetry and Prose: Authoritative Texts, Criticism, 1st edn., eds. Donald H. Reiman and Sharon B. Powers (New York: Norton, 1977).

Shires, Linda M., Perspectives: Modes of Viewing and Knowing in Nineteenth-Century England (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2009).

Shklovskiĭ, Viktor, Theory of Prose, trans. Benjamin Sher (Elmwood Park, IL: Dalkey Archive Press, 1990).

Shuttleworth, Sally, Charlotte Brontë and Victorian Psychology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

—— George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Science: The Make-Believe of a Beginning (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).

—— “Introduction,” in Thomas Hardy, Two on a Tower: A Romance (London: Penguin Books, 1999).

—— The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science and Medicine, 1840–1900 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Siegel, Jonah, Desire and Excess: The Nineteenth-Century Culture of Art (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Smith, Adam, “The Principles Which Lead and Direct Philosophical Enquiries, Illustrated by the History of Astronomy,” in J. C. Bryce and William P. D. Wightman, eds., Essays on Philosophical Subjects (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1982), 5–87.

Smith, Jonathan, “‘The Abysses of the Heavenly Wilderness’: Thomas De Quincey, John Herschel, and J.P. Nichol Confront the Great Nebula in Orion,” Paper presented to the Midwest Modern Language Association, St. Louis, 1992.

—— Charles Darwin and Victorian Visual Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

(p.283) Smith, Jonathan, “De Quincey’s Revisions To ‘The System of the Heavens,’” Victorian Periodicals Review (Winter 1993): 203–12.

Smith, Matthew Wilson, The Total Work of Art: From Bayreuth to Cyberspace (New York: Routledge, 2007).

Snow, C. P., The Two Cultures (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Snyder, Robert Lance, ed., Thomas De Quincey: Bicentenary Studies (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1985).

Sobel, Dava, Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time (London: Penguin, 1995).

Somerville, Mary, On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, 8th edn. (London: John Murray, 1849).

Spencer, Herbert, “The Constitution of the Sun,” Essays: Scientific, Political and Speculative, 4th edn., vol. 3 (London: Williams and Norgate, 1888).

Stanley, Matthew, “So Simple a Thing as a Star: The Eddington-Jeans Debate over Astrophysical Phenomenology,” British Journal for the History of Science 40.1 (2007): 53–82.

Staten, Henry, “Is Middlemarch Ahistorical?,” PMLA 115.5 (2000): 991–1005.

Staubermann, Klaus, “Making Stars: Projection Culture in Nineteenth-Century German Astronomy,” British Journal for the History of Science 34 (2001): 439–51.

Stewart, Susan, On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection (Durham: Duke University Press, 1993).

Stiles, Anne, Popular Fiction and Brain Science in the Late Nineteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Taylor, Charles, Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989).

Taylor, Dennis, “The Chronology of Hardy’s Poetry,” Victorian Poetry 37.1 (1999): 1–58.

Taylor, Jenny Bourne and Shuttleworth, Sally eds., Embodied Selves: An Anthology of Psychological Texts, 1830–1890 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Taylor, Jonathan, Science and Omniscience in Nineteenth Century Literature (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2007).

Tennyson, Alfred, In Memoriam; an Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Sources, Criticism, 1st edn., ed. Robert Ross (New York: Norton, 1973).

—— In Memoriam: Authoritative Text: Criticism, 2nd edn., ed. Erik Irving Gray (New York: Norton, 2004).

—— The Letters of Alfred Lord Tennyson, eds. Cecil Y. Lang and Edgar Finley Shannon (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981).

—— The Poems of Tennyson, ed. Christopher B. Ricks, 3 vols. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).

Tennyson, Hallam, Alfred Lord Tennyson; a Memoir (London: The Macmillan company, 1897).

Tennyson Research Centre (Lincoln), Tennyson in Lincoln; a Catalogue of the Collections in the Research Centre, compiled by Nancie Campbell (Lincoln: Tennyson Society, 1971).

(p.284) Teukolsky, Rachel, The Literate Eye: Victorian Art Writing and Modernist Aesthetics (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).

Thurschwell, Pamela, Literature, Technology and Magical Thinking, 1880–1920, Cambridge Studies in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture 32 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Tillyard, E. M. W., The Elizabethan World Picture (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books in association with Chatto & Windus, 1972).

Tolstoy, Leo, Anna Karenin, trans. Rosemary Edmonds (New York and Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1978).

——, War and Peace, trans. Rosemary Edmonds (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1978).

Tomalin, Claire, Thomas Hardy (London: Penguin, 2007).

Tucker, Herbert F., Epic: Britain’s Heroic Muse, 1790–1910 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Turner, Paul, The Life of Thomas Hardy: A Critical Biography (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998).

Underwood, T. L., The Work of the Sun: Literature, Science, and Political Economy, 1760–1860 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Wainer, Howard, Picturing the Uncertain World: How to Understand, Communicate, and Control Uncertainty through Graphical Display (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

Waley, Daniel Philip, George Eliot’s Blotter: A Commonplace-Book (London: British Library, 1980).

Walls, Laura Dassow, Seeing New Worlds: Henry David Thoreau and Nineteenth- Century Natural Science (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995).

—— The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander Von Humboldt and the Shaping of America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009).

Watkins, Eric, Kant and the Sciences (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Watt, Ian P., Conrad in the Nineteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979).

—— The Rise of the Novel; Studies in Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957).

Wellek, René, Immanuel Kant in England, 1793–1838 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1931).

Welsh, Alexander, George Eliot and Blackmail (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985).

—— “Realism as a Practical and Cosmic Joke,” Novel: A Forum on Fiction 9.1 (1975): 23–39.

Wheatstone, Charles, “Contributions to the Physiology of Vision.—Part the First. On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, Phenomena of Binocular Vision. Philosophical Transactions (Royal Society of London, 1838),” in William N. Dember, ed., Visual Perception: The Nineteenth Century (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1964).

(p.285) Whewell, William, Astronomy and General Physics Considered with Reference to Natural Theology, The Bridgewater Treatises on the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God as Manifested in the Creation, vol. 3, 4th edn. (London: William Pickering, 1837).

White, R. J., Thomas Hardy and History (New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1974).

Willis, Martin, Vision, Science, and Literature, 1870–1920: Ocular Horizons (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2011).

Wilson, Keith, ed., A Companion to Thomas Hardy (Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Pub., 2009).

—— Thomas Hardy on Stage (Houndmills: Macmillan; New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995).

——, ed., Thomas Hardy Reappraised: Essays in Honour of Michael Millgate (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006).

Winter, Alison, Mesmerized: Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).

Woelert, Peter, “Kant’s Hands, Spatial Orientation, and the Copernican Turn,” Continental Philosophy Review 40.2 (2007): 139–50.

Woloch, Alex, The One vs. the Many: Minor Characters and the Space of the Protagonist in the Novel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003).

Yeazell, Ruth Bernard, Art of the Everyday: Dutch Painting and the Realist Novel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).

Yeo, Richard R., Defining Science: William Whewell, Natural Knowledge, and Public Debate in Early Victorian Britain (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Young, Kay, Imagining Minds: The Neuro-Aesthetics of Austen, Eliot, and Hardy (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2010).

Zimmerman, Virginia, Excavating Victorians (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2008).

Zunshine, Lisa, Why We Read Fiction: Theory of Mind and the Novel (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2006).