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Genetics of Psychological Well-BeingThe role of heritability and genetics in positive psychology$
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Michael Pluess

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199686674

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.001.0001

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The heritability and development of positive affect and emotionality

The heritability and development of positive affect and emotionality

Chapter:
(p.97) Chapter 6 The heritability and development of positive affect and emotionality
Source:
Genetics of Psychological Well-Being
Author(s):

C. Robert Cloninger

Danilo Garcia

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.003.0006

Positive affect is a superordinate dimension of transient affective states and is suggested as being independent of negative affective states, whereas positive emotionality is the corresponding measure of the traits that give rise to stable positive moods and related behaviors. This chapter first reviews these concepts along with the incoherence in their measurement. Second, it explains the personality–affect/emotionality link in the context of an asymmetry with regard to the environmental/genetic influences on positive affect and emotionality, and also briefly presents findings showing that positive affect can be acutely influenced by induction of positive emotions or induction of cardiac coherence. Finally, in order to complement the commonly suggested dispositional origin of positive affect in extraversion, the chapter examines the genetics of Cloninger’s temperament and character traits, suggesting that the environment/genetic asymmetry might be accountable for these two personality dimensions.

Keywords:   character, heritability, positive affect, positive emotionality, temperament

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