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The Byzantine-Islamic Transition in PalestineAn Archaeological Approach$

Gideon Avni

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199684335

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684335.001.0001

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(p.354) Appendix I Cities in Byzantine Palestine, Phoenice, and Arabia

(p.354) Appendix I Cities in Byzantine Palestine, Phoenice, and Arabia

Source:
The Byzantine-Islamic Transition in Palestine
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

The list of cities in the provinces of Palaestina Prima, Secunda, and Tertia, Phoenice, and Arabia is based on the geographical lists of settlements which appear in historical sources and on the compilation of the settlement map of Palestine in the Tabula Imperii Romani.1 It includes cities known archaeologically from excavations and surveys. Indications are given of the periods of settlements from the Hellenistic to the Early Islamic (EI) periods and to the area of the city at its zenith according to archaeological excavations or estimations based on surveys.2

Palaestina Prima

City

Relevant Periods of Settlement

Urban Area at Zenith (ha)

Caesarea

Roman–Crusader.

130

Dora

Hellenistic–EI

7

Apollonia

Hellenistic–Crusader

28

Antipatris

Hellenistic- Byzantine

12

Lod-Diospolis

Hellenistic–EI

10

Emmaus–Nicopolis

Byzantine–Crusader

40

Jaffa-Joppa

Hellenistic–Crusader

4

Yavneh Yam–Iamnia Paralios Maoza

Hellenistic–EI

10

Yavneh-Iamnia

Hellenistic–EI

50

Ashdod-Azotus Hippenos

Roman(?)–EI

12

Ashdod Yam-Azotus Paralus

Hellenistic–EI

40

Ascalon

Hellenistic–Crusader

52

Gaza

Hellenistic–EI

90

Anthedon

??

90

Jerusalem

Hellenistic–Crusader

140

Neapolis

Hellenistic–Byzantine

30

Sebaste

Hellenistic–Byzantine

77

Beth Guvrin-Eleutheropolis

Roman–EI

65

(p.355)

Palaestina Secunda

City

Relevant Periods of Settlement

Urban Area at Zenith (ha)

Beth Shean-Scythopolis

Hellenistic–Crusader

130

Pella

Hellenistic–EI

60

Gadara

Hellenistic–EI

40

Abila

Hellenistic–EI

35

Capitolias-Beit Ras

Roman–EI

??

Madaba

Hellenistic–EI

12

Hesban-Esbus

Hellenistic–EI

??

Hippos-Sussita

Hellenistic–EI

8

Tiberias

Roman–Crusader

40 (Byz.)

160 (EI)

Sepphoris

Hellenistic–EI

60

Palaestina Tertia

City

Relevant Periods of Settlement

Urban Area at Zenith (ha)

Petra

Hellenistic–Byzantine

20

Elusa

Hellenistic–Byzantine

35

Beersheba-Birosaba

Roman–EI

60

Aila

Roman–EI

4?

Phoenice Maritima

City

Relevant Periods of Settlement

Urban Area at Zenith (ha)

Banias-Diocaesarea

Hellenistic–EI

75

Acre-Ptolemais

Hellenistic–Crusader

80??

Arabia

City

Relevant Periods of Settlement

Urban Area at Zenith (ha)

Bostra

Roman–EI

Gerasa

Hellenistic–EI

84

Philadelphia-Amman

Hellenistic–EI

25??

Notes:

(1) Tsafrir et al.1994.

(2) See Broshi 1979, Tsafrir 1996. Also included is data from the Archaeological Survey of Israel archives.