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The Architecture of CollapseThe Global System in the 21st Century$
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Mauro F. Guillén

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199683604

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683604.001.0001

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Complexity

Complexity

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Complexity
Source:
The Architecture of Collapse
Author(s):

Mauro F. Guillén

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683604.003.0002

The global system is becoming more complex. Over the last 25 years the number of countries, the level of trade, foreign direct investment, tourism and migration, and information flows have increased markedly. As a result, there are more inter-connections among a greater number of countries. Meanwhile, countries themselves have become internally more complex as well. More of them are democracies, have political checks and balances, and have a diversified industrial structure. Although the size and capacity of the state has on average declined slightly during the last few years, the overall picture is one of enhanced complexity. The crisis of 2008 reversed some of those trends temporarily, but most of them have resumed their growth in recent years.

Keywords:   complexity, global system, trade, direct investment, tourism, migration, information, democracy, checks and balances, state capacity

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