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The Age of the EfendiyyaPassages to Modernity in National-Colonial Egypt$
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Lucie Ryzova

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199681778

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681778.001.0001

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The New Mamluks

The New Mamluks

(p.178) 5 The New Mamluks
The Age of the Efendiyya

Lucie Ryzova

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines an important aspect of effendi culture as youth culture, and looks at the experience of modern schooling among first-generation efendis. Modern schooling, and the ensuing novel concept of “youth,” cannot be understood without both its material dimensions (physical distance from families, young men living together in a community of peers) as well as its strong ritual aspects which centered around new urban spaces and the consumption of modern popular culture. This chapter traces the shaping of young efendi middle class generational identity through encounters with the two key forms of authority to which young school men were exposed, patriarchy (the family) and the colonial state, embedded in the institution of the modern school. Themes such as romantic love or nationalism provided key idioms around which this efendi youth culture articulated itself, at times discreetly and contingently challenging both normative disciplinary structures.

Keywords:   Egyptian modernity, middle Class, modern Egyptian men, efendi, efendiyya, education, youth culture, youth revolt, authority, patriarchy, curriculum, leisure, rite of passage, ritual theory

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