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The Soldier in Later Medieval England$

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King, and David Simpkin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680825

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680825.001.0001

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(p.271) Appendix: Soldier ratios and numbers for selected armies, 1369–1453

(p.271) Appendix: Soldier ratios and numbers for selected armies, 1369–1453

Source:
The Soldier in Later Medieval England
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Note: Where possible the figures provided are for numbers of men known to have actually mustered, but in many cases we are reliant on indented figures only. The figures should be taken as approximates rather than precise totals; medieval armies were never static in composition. Moreover, only the main bodies of soldiers, the archers and men-at-arms, are included here. However, other troops such as crossbowmen and gunners sometimes mustered. Additional references to such men have been made in the appropriate footnotes. The figures are taken from a mixture of primary and secondary sources: Sherborne, ‘Indentured Retinues’, pp. 723–32 (for 1370, 1375, and 1380–1); Russell, English Intervention in Spain and Portugal, p. 302 (for 1381); Lewis, ‘Last Summons of the English Feudal Levy’, p. 7 (for 1385); Bell, War, p. 10 (for 1387 and 1388); E 403/562, mm 1–10 and E 101/69/1/299–301 (for 1399); E 101/69/2/340 (for 1412); Curry, Agincourt: A New History, p. 70 (for 1415); Curry, ‘After Agincourt, What Next?’, pp. 42–51 (for 1416); Curry, ‘English Armies’, p. 44 (for 1421); Curry, ‘Military Organization’, Appendix 1, pp. iv–vi (for all armies sent to northern France [other than those to Calais] between 1422 and 1450); E 403/722, mm 8–10, 15 and E 403/724, m. 13 (for 1436); E 403/734, m. 5 and E 403/736, m. 10 (for 1439); and E 403/791, mm 14–15 and E 403/793, mm 16 and 18 (for 1453).

The numbers of archers for the 1379 naval campaign include 155 crossbowmen; and for the 1380(2) naval campaign include 124 crossbowmen. These figures have not been included in the ratios. (p.272) (p.273) (p.274)

Year

Campaign

Ratio of men-at-arms to archers

Men-at-arms

Archers

Total

1369 (1)

France

1:1.7

c.90

c.150

c.240

1369 (2)

France

1:2.3

c.1,500

c.3,500

c.5,000

1370

France

1:1

2,000

2,000

4,000

1370

Gascony

1:1.6

500

800

1,300

1371

Naval

1:1

540

520

1,060

1372

Naval

1:1

c.3,000

c.3,000

c.6,000

1372

Brittany

1:1

480

480

960

1372–3

Ireland

1:1.7

60

100

160

1373

Naval

1.1:1

c.1,300

c.1,200

c.2,500

1373–4

France

1:1

3,032

2,893

5,925

1373–6

Ireland

1:2

200

400

600

1374

Naval

1:1

c.1,000

c.1,000

c.2,000

1375

Brittany

1:1

1,990

1,985

3,975

1376

Ireland

1:1.6

108

176

284

1377–8

Naval

1:1

1,906

1,906

3,812

1378

Naval

1:1

2,690

2,690

5,380

1378

Gascony

1:1

300

298

598

1378

Ireland

1:3.5

40

140

180

1379

Naval

1:1.1

810

1,025

1,835

1379

Gascony

1.2:1

c.350

300

c.650

1380 (1)

Naval

1:1

200

200

400

1380 (2)

Naval

1:1

816

937

1,753

1380

Ireland

1:3

40

120

160

1380

Scotland

1.1:1

1,775

1,690

3,465

1380–1

Brittany

1:1

2,581

2,610

5,191

1381

Portugal

1:1

1,500

1,500

3,000

1383

Flanders

1:1

2,500

2,500

5,000

1383

Gascony

1:1

80

80

160

1384

Scotland

1:2.2

336 +

740 +

1,076 +

1385

Naval

1.3:1

1,000

800

2,000

1385

Scotland

1:2

4,590

9,144

13,734

1386

Naval

1:1

250

250

500

1386

Calais

1.2:1

252

203

455

1386

Spain

1:1.3

1,600

2,000

3,600

1386–7

Ireland

1:3

200

600

800

1387 (1)

Naval

1:1.3

1,107

1,390

2,497

1387 (2)

Naval

1:1

370

370

740

1388

Naval

1:1.3

1,535

1,976

3,511

1390

Ireland

1:4

100

400

500

1394–5

Ireland

1:3.4

869

2,918

3,787

1395–6

Ireland

1:4

200

800

1,000

1397–8

Ireland

1:4

100

400

500

1398

Scotland

1:2

200

400

600

1399

Ireland

1:3.8

620

2,335

2,955

1399

Scotland

1:2

400

800

1,200

1400

Scotland

1:6.4

1,771

11,314

13,085

1400

Naval

1:1

60

60

120

1401

Ireland

1:3

100

300

400

1401

Wales

1:4

100

400

500

1402

Naval

1:3.6

69

246

315

1403

Wales

1:5

500

2,500

3,000

1404

Naval

1:2

600

1,200

1,800

1405

Naval

1:2

1,200

2,400

3,600

1407

Wales

1:3

600

1,800

2,400

1409–10

Wales

1:2

300

600

900

1410

Naval

1:2

348

696

1,044

1411

France

1:4

200

800

1,000

1412

France

1:3

1,000

3,000

4,000

1412

Naval

1:1.4

156

212

368

1413

Gascony

1:5

240

1,200

1,440

1415

France

1:4

2,266

8,982

11,248

1415

Naval

1:2

160

320

480

1416

Naval

1:2

2,200

4,342

6,542

1417

France

1:3.5

10,809

1418

Naval

1:2.1

544

1,136

1,680

1419

Calais

1:3

60

180

240

1419

Naval

1:2.1

380

780

1,160

1420

France

1:3.5

1,250

1420

Naval

1:2

500

1,000

1,500

1421

France

1:3

1,025

3,075

4,100

1423

France

1:3

380

1,140

1,520

1423–9

Gascony

1:200

1

200

201

1424 (?)

France

1:3

142

426

568

1424 (May)

France

1:3

411

1,230

1,641

1425

France

1:3

349

1,047

1,396

1426

France

1:3

200

600

800

1427

France

1:3

300

900

1,200

1428

France

1:5.1

444

2,250

2,694

1429 (July) (1)

France

1:7

100

700

800

1429 (July) (2)

France

1:19

50

950

1,000

1430 (January)

France

1:11.6

179

2,080

2,259

1430 (May)

France

1:3

1,196

3,596

4,792

1431 (March–May)

France

1:4.1

519

2,130

2,649

1431

Gascony

1:35

20

700

720

1432

France

1:5.1

200

1,020

1,220

1433

France

1:4.5

200

900

1,100

1434 (February)

France

1:5.6

140

780

920

1434 (June–July)

France

1:4

234

934

1,168

1435

France

1:6

282

1,705

1,987

1436 (March)

France

1:5.5

267

1,478

1,745

1436

Calais

1:7.3

1,173

8,587

9,760

1436 (May–June)

France

1:4.3

800

3,400

4,200

1437

France

1:5.9

299

1,777

2,076

1438

France

1:3.8

346

1,300

1,646

1438

Ireland

1:1

300

300

600

1439

France

1:3.1

235

728

963

1439

Gascony

1:6.7

300

2,000

2,300

1440

France

1:19.6

101

1,980

2,081

1441

France

1:3.7

801

2,997

3,798

1442

France

1:11.5

200

2,300

2,500

1442

Ireland

1:1

300

300

600

1442–3

Gascony

1:28.5

21

600

621

1443

France

1:6.6

600

3,949

4,549

1444

France

1:3

100

300

400

1445–6

Ireland

1:5

12

60

72

1448

France

0:1,000

1,000

1,000

1449 (July)

France

1:9.2

55

508

563

1449 (?October–November)

France

1:3

100

300

400

1450 (March) (1)

France

1:9.3

255

2,380

2,635

1450 (March) (2)

France

1:3

100

300

400

1451

Calais

1:4.4

140

610

750

1453

Gascony

1:9.9

411

4,066

4,477