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Transplanting International Courts
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Transplanting International Courts: The Law and Politics of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

Karen J. Alter and Laurence R. Helfer


The Andean Pact was founded in 1969 to build a common market in South America. Andean leaders copied the institutional and treaty design of the European Community, and in the 1970s, member states decided to add a tribunal, again turning to the European Community as its model. Since its first ruling in 1987, the Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ) has exercised authority over the countries which are members of the Andean Community: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru (formerly also Venezuela). It is now the third most active international court in the world, used by governments and private actors ... More

Keywords: Andean Pact, common market, South America, European Community, Andean Tribunal of Justice, intellectual property, Andean legal order

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780199680788
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680788.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Karen J. Alter, author
Professor of Political Science and Law, Northwestern University

Laurence R. Helfer, author
Harry R. Chadwick Sr. Professor of Law, Duke University