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Handbook of Trade Policy for Development$
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Arvid Lukauskas, Robert M. Stern, and Gianni Zanini

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.001.0001

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International Disciplines on Government Procurement *

International Disciplines on Government Procurement *

Chapter:
(p.851) Chapter 27 International Disciplines on Government Procurement*
Source:
Handbook of Trade Policy for Development
Author(s):

Bernard Hoekman

Simon Evenett

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0027

Public procurement is one of the few major policy areas where WTO members continue to have discretion to discriminate at will against foreign suppliers. Limitations on the ability to discriminate only apply to governments which have signed the voluntary Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) or which enter into PTAs that include disciplines in this area. But even for signatories of the GPA, the proportion of goods and services contracts awarded to foreign firms is generally quite small. Thus, there is considerable room for expanding access to national procurement markets. The more ambitious PTAs go beyond a focus on discrimination and procedural rules to include cooperative mechanisms for technical assistance and capacity building, convergence of procedures, and periodic review and allowance for adjustments in the rules of the game. They also make better allowances for pursuit of the non-economic objectives of governments.

Keywords:   Public procurement, government purchases, GPA, discrimination of foreign suppliers

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