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Handbook of Trade Policy for Development$
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Arvid Lukauskas, Robert M. Stern, and Gianni Zanini

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.001.0001

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Public and Private Food Safety Standards: Compliance Costs and Strategic Opportunities *

Public and Private Food Safety Standards: Compliance Costs and Strategic Opportunities *

Chapter:
(p.704) Chapter 22 Public and Private Food Safety Standards: Compliance Costs and Strategic Opportunities*
Source:
Handbook of Trade Policy for Development
Author(s):

Spencer Henson

Steven Jaffee

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0022

Sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) standards pose both a major challenge and opportunity for developing countries’ agricultural export competitiveness. They also illustrate the more general issues related to WTO attempts to discipline the use of safety standards as non-tariff barriers to trade and the complex and inter-related ways in which they influence trade. For developing countries attempting to maintain and/or enhance exports of agricultural and food products, compliance with international public and private standards has become critical at the firm and national levels, more so than high domestic support or tariffs in the importing countries. International standards can nonetheless be catalysts for processes of capacity upgrading and competitive positioning in high-value markets. Governments and exporters need to be proactive in responding to the changing standards landscape. Even in countries where overall capacity is weak, islands of enhanced capacity can often be identified or created and then nurtured with government and donors’ support.

Keywords:   Standards, safety, sanitary, phyto-sanitary, SPS, public and private

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