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Handbook of Trade Policy for Development$
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Arvid Lukauskas, Robert M. Stern, and Gianni Zanini

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.001.0001

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Migration: The Globalization of International Labor Flows, Its Causes and Consequences

Migration: The Globalization of International Labor Flows, Its Causes and Consequences

Chapter:
(p.497) Chapter 16 Migration: The Globalization of International Labor Flows, Its Causes and Consequences
Source:
Handbook of Trade Policy for Development
Author(s):

Francisco L. Rivera-Batíz

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0016

Francisco Rivera-Batìz explores recent trends in international migration, the causes of these migration flows and the consequences for the migrants themselves as well as for the source and recipient countries. He reports that, in general, the effect of immigration on host countries is positive because it generates increased investment and sectoral adjustments that create employment opportunities and offset any significant negative effects of immigrants on wages and employment of natives. For source countries, one area of particular controversy involves the emigration of skilled labour (the “brain drain”). This risk is real, but it may also provide positives, notably, a steady flow of remittances and access to international networks that enhance scientific and technological capabilities. The author also discusses the current and potential future role played by the WTO in the management of labor flows, noting that coordinated international migration policies would be helpful in managing the impacts of immigration flows.

Keywords:   Migration, immigration, brain drain, employment, wages, labour, remittances, WTO, networks

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