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Handbook of Trade Policy for Development$
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Arvid Lukauskas, Robert M. Stern, and Gianni Zanini

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.001.0001

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Policy Practices and Institutions for Successful Export Development and Diversification in Developing Countries *

Policy Practices and Institutions for Successful Export Development and Diversification in Developing Countries *

Chapter:
(p.444) Chapter 14 Policy Practices and Institutions for Successful Export Development and Diversification in Developing Countries*
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Handbook of Trade Policy for Development
Author(s):

Salomon Samen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0014

Salomon Samen examines the policy practices and institutions that can promote export development and diversification in developing countries. Many of the most tested and successful measures for export expansion and diversification involve considerable government intervention, in the form of export-oriented trade and industrial policy measures, to correct market failures that are pervasive in developing countries. Samen reviews the most successful practices and institutions, especially in East Asia, and develops recommendations for countries seeking to expand or diversify their exports. The least controversial government practices are “permissive” policies that aim to remove an anti-export bias created by other government policies (such as high tariffs). More controversial are “positive” policies, particularly “selective” ones that explicitly aim to shift resources to targeted specific firms, sectors, or activities in an attempt to expand and diversify exports.

Keywords:   Exports, expansion, diversification, industrial policy, developing countries, government intervention, market failures, special import regimes, anti-export bias, permissive, functional and selective policies

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