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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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Agricultural Marketing and Co-Operatives

Agricultural Marketing and Co-Operatives

(p.90) 8 Agricultural Marketing and Co-Operatives

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

A colonial government has three means of organizing the marketing of crops produced by small farmers. First, it can allow the private sector to do it, as the Germans did by encouraging Asian traders to purchase the crops. Africans were not permitted to purchase crops for cash until 1931 without special permissions. Second, it can allow the growers to organize themselves into co-operatives, which the British supported on Kilimanjaro from 1925, but were reluctant to agree to elsewhere, despite a series of riots. And third, for the government to do so directly—as was done during World War II, with the resultant marketing boards making substantial profits. In the 1950s, the colonial government supported co-operative marketing, seeing this not just as a means of encouraging increased production, in which it was highly successful, but as a means of involving educated Africans in this kind of business activity.

Keywords:   Asian traders, co-operative marketing, marketing boards, riots

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