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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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The Tanzanian State

The Tanzanian State

(p.368) 25 The Tanzanian State

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

This concluding chapter analyses the class structure of Tanzania in 1980. The state was not controlled by a capital-owning industrial bourgeoisie, since most of the major industries were owned by the state and run through parastatals. Nor was it controlled by classes associated with agriculture, trade, workers or peasants. Rather, state power was held by an emerging ‘bureaucratic bourgeoisie’, a coalition between the nationalist politicians of the independence movement and graduates who had taken positions of power in the civil service and the parastatals. But this class was more accustomed to spending money, e.g. on foreign aided projects, than accumulation through profit reinvestment. Nyerere’s philosophy gave them an ideology of service, justice, and moves towards equality. But could a new generation use this ideology to innovate and accumulate on behalf of the masses? If it failed, then the contradictions and economic stagnation of the 1970s were likely to continue.

Keywords:   class structure, parastatals, bureaucratic bourgeoisie, accumulation, Nyerere

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