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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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Development Strategy and Foreign Relations

Development Strategy and Foreign Relations

(p.347) 24 Development Strategy and Foreign Relations

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

The Second Five Year Plan (1969–1974) included many commitments to ujamaa, and ambitious lists of investments to be undertaken in state farms, infrastructure improvements, and manufacturing. By 1980, Tanzania had become one of the major recipients of foreign aid in Africa, receiving support from the US, the World Bank, the Scandinavian countries (especially Sweden), China and many other countries. Within Africa, Tanzania gave moral and material support to liberation movements from South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Angola and Namibia. It opposed Idi Amin, who took power in Uganda in 1971. In 1978, Ugandan forces invaded and occupied a small part of North Western Tanzania, after which Tanzania invaded and removed Amin from power in 1979. The Third Five Year Plan was not published until 1978. Prepared under difficult circumstances, it committed the country to a ‘basic industry strategy’ involving industrialization based on factories with strong linkages to other local factories.

Keywords:   five Year Plan, foreign aid, liberation movements, Uganda, Idi Amin, basic industry strategy

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