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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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Social Class and Social Services

Social Class and Social Services

(p.244) 21 Social Class and Social Services

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

There were wide differences in income distribution between, for example, prosperous coffee farmers on Mount Kilimanjaro and young men and women without land; or in cities, between those in regular employment and those in the informal sector. Health services were expanded. Teaching hospitals were built in Mwanza and Moshi, and after 1972, dispensaries and health centres were built in many villages. Schemes to raise housing standards in Dar es Salaam could not keep up with the city’s expansion. By 1977, around 80% of school-aged children attended primary school. Numbers in secondary schools and the University of Dar es Salaam were much lower. Main roads from Dar es Salaam North, and South West to the Zambian border were tarmacked. The Chinese-built TAZARA railway opened in 1975, a triumph of Chinese engineering but slow and often unreliable. Overall life in the 1970s was increasingly challenging. The honeymoon years following Independence were over.

Keywords:   income distribution, health services, housing, University of Dar es Salaam, TAZARA railway

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