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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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The Early Years

The Early Years

(p.173) 16 The Early Years

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

Between 1961 and 1964 Nyerere and TANU made the adjustment from being a successful party in opposition to being the leaders of a party in power. A new constitution made Tanganyika a one-party state. The leaders soon found themselves clamping down on the trade union movement and, in 1964, with assistance from Britain, dealt with a mutiny in the army over pay and conditions. The First Five Year Development Plan, published in 1964, included optimistic targets for assistance from overseas, but involved disputes with Germany (in 1965, over Nyerere’s treatment of the German Democratic Republic), with the USA, and with Britain (over its refusal to cut links with Zimbabwe). Meanwhile, Nyerere travelled widely, supported the liberation movements in Southern Africa, and had his first visit to China—in 1965, the Chinese offered to give Zambia another outlet to the coast by building the TAZARA railway to Dar es Salaam.

Keywords:   constitution, one-party state, mutiny, trade union, five year development plan, liberation movements, china, tazara railway

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