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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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The Nationalists

The Nationalists

(p.135) 12 The Nationalists

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

TANU (the Tanganyika African National Union), the political party which took Tanganyika to Independence in 1961, was only founded in 1954. But it had many antecedents. The Tanganyika Territory African Civil Service Association had been founded by Martin Kayamba in 1922, to bring together Muslim and Christian civil servants in Tanga, and in 1929 this had been reformed as the African Association, open to all Africans, with branches in all the major towns. The trade union movement developed in the docks in Dar es Salaam and Tanga, and unions were also created in the mines, on the railways and in the sisal plantations. A series of strikes demonstrated their power to challenge the colonial state.

Keywords:   nationalism, TANU, african association, trade unions, strikes

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