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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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Indirect Rule

Indirect Rule

(p.126) 11 Indirect Rule

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

In 1920, Britain was given responsibility for Tanganyika under a mandate from the League of Nations. Sir Donald Cameron, Governor from 1925–1931, was influenced by Lord Frederick Lugard, the ideologist of ‘indirect rule’, administration by chiefs approved by the colonial government. A few educated Africans, such as Martin Kayamba who ran the government office in Tanga, were promoted. The alliance with the chiefs broke down when the British used them to try and enforce unpopular agricultural rules and regulations. It was not until the 1950s that Britain realized the potential of marketing co-operatives as a means of involving educated Africans in the administration, and creating leaders.

Keywords:   indirect rule, sir donald cameron, lord lugard, chiefs, educated africans, martin kayamba, co-operatives

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