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TanzaniaA Political Economy$
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Andrew Coulson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679966.001.0001

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Education and Ideology

Education and Ideology

(p.112) 10 Education and Ideology

Andrew Coulson

Oxford University Press

The first Protestant missionaries arrived in the 1850s, the first Catholics in 1868, establishing bases at the coast, working inland along the trade routes, and settling where they had the support of local chiefs. Both Protestants and Catholics realized that ‘Africans would only be converted by Africans’, and established schools to train catechists and evangelists. The Germans recognized that mission education provided a source of literate officials to run their administration and courts, and decided to use Kiswahili in their correspondence, giving the country a national language. Britain continued with German policies, allowing separate schools to develop for Europeans, Asians and Africans. The latter included Native Authority schools, and a few elite secondary schools, notably Tabora School, founded in 1924. By 1958, there were still only just over 2,500 primary schools for Africans, twenty eight secondary schools, and a handful of graduates enrolled at Makerere University College in neighbouring Uganda.

Keywords:   schools, missionaries, kiswahili, tabora school, makerere university, graduates

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