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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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Poverty alleviation and development

(p.551) 92 Ningxia
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Dongyu Qu

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses Ningxia’s poverty alleviation and development programmes which have been prioritized to improve farmers’ incomes and have aimed at the self-development of poor regions and poor populations. The programmes raised farmer’s net income in eight key poverty counties from 987 Yuan in 2000 to 3,415 Yuan in 2010 — a net increase of 2,428 Yuan ($385) and annual growth of 13.2 per cent. The average farmer income was over 3,800 Yuan ($603) in 2011. For the future, Ningxia needs to promote development systematically, fully utilize the important role of the Yellow River Economic Area, and improve the working, living, and ecological conditions in poor areas.

Keywords:   economic development, economic policy, regional economy, poverty control, farmer income, agricultural

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