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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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China’s political-economic institution

China’s political-economic institution

Regionally decentralized authoritarianism (RDA)

(p.515) 85 China’s political-economic institution
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Chenggang Xu

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses China’s regionally decentralized authoritarianism (RDA) regime, which is characterized as a combination of political centralization and economic regional decentralization. The RDA regime has shaped China’s reform trajectories, but it is also responsible for the country’s current major problems, from the economic structure to social problems. Regional competition and regional experimentation have been the driving force for reform and rapid economic growth in the past three decades. Under the RDA regime, the central government sets the ultimate objectives of the government, which then guide the direction of the competition.

Keywords:   political centralization, economic regional decentralization, central government, regional competition

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