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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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The commanding heights

The commanding heights

The state and higher education in China

(p.472) 78 The commanding heights
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Rong Wang

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the dramatic expansion of China’s higher education system which has already attracted enormous attention worldwide. In particular, the chapter attempts to address a number of aspects of change within China’s higher educational system that have hitherto escaped attention. It argues that institutional differentiation in the Chinese system results from the state strategy of ‘commanding heights’; specific grants such as Project 985 and Project 211 are efforts to consolidate state control over elite institutions.

Keywords:   policy, state control, higher education institutions

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