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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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Economics of health transitions in China

Economics of health transitions in China

74 Economics of health transitions in China
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Gordon G. Liu

Samuel Krumholz

Oxford University Press

Chinese demand for medical services has increased much faster than the overall economy over the last three decades, primarily due to an epidemiological transition, medical technology, and other conditions related to income growth. This chapter discusses healthcare reform in China. The topics covered include the epidemiological transition in population health; the inelastic response of China’s old health system; healthcare financing and healthcare delivery; the state health reform roadmap; the establishment of three national insurance programmes: Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance, Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance, and the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme; the state essential drug policy; and public hospital reforms.

Keywords:   health services, healthcare reform, health policy, drug policy, public health, healthcare financing, national insurance programmes, public hospital reforms

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