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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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An emerging new form of social protection in twenty-first-century China

An emerging new form of social protection in twenty-first-century China

(p.441) 73 An emerging new form of social protection in twenty-first-century China
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Martin Ravallion

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the Minimum Livelihood Guarantee programme, popularly known as the Dibao (DB) programme. The programme was launched by the central government in 1999 to address concerns about unemployed and vulnerable workers, and the social instability that they might create. The programme gives locally registered urban households with an income per person below predetermined local DB ‘poverty lines’ a transfer payment sufficient to bring their incomes up to that line. The programme had about 20 million participants in 2002, then expanded to 23 million in 2009. The programme is administered by the Ministry of Civil Affairs (MOCA).

Keywords:   social policy, social services, targeted income transfer, Dibao programme, unemployment

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