This chapter discusses poverty reduction in China. Since the start of its economic reforms, China has successfully lifted hundreds of millions of its citizens out of poverty. The chapter explains the sources of poverty reduction, which are mainly attributed to broad-based rural income growth associated with market reforms and rapid economic development. It also describes the identification and assistance for China’s remaining poor, such as expanding social protection and social insurance programmes, providing assistance for medical fees, subsidies to support households lacking a working member capacity, and disaster relief.
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