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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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Rural–urban migration in China

Rural–urban migration in China

(p.382) 62 Rural–urban migration in China
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Xin Meng

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows that a significant rural–urban divide in education, along with the transition of Chinese industry towards a more capital- and technology-intensive structure, induced by institutional restrictions on migration, pose enormous challenges for China’s future rural–urban migration and economic growth. If the institutional restrictions on migration cannot be dismantled quickly and rural education continues to lag behind, many rural workers will be confined to rural areas, the urbanization process will slow down, and rural under-employment and urban labour shortages will co-exist for a long time.

Keywords:   migrant workers, migration policy, labour mobility, economic growth, labour supply, labour shortage

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