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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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Local governance and rural public good provision

Local governance and rural public good provision

(p.334) 54 Local governance and rural public good provision
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Loren Brandt

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines village governance in China, beginning with a brief background history. The discussions include the passage of the Draft Village Organic Law in 1987, which confirmed the role of the Communist Party as the ‘core’ leadership within the village and the role of the introduction of elections beginning in the 1990s. The chapter considers the effect of village governance on property rights, taxation, and the organization and financing of local public goods. With the implementation of the rural tax-for-fee reform in the early 2000s, villages and townships appear to be losing power and authority relative to the county, and the county to the province.

Keywords:   local government, rural areas, village government, social welfare, social policy

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