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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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Village governance in China

Village governance in China

Chapter:
(p.330) 53 Village governance in China
Source:
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China
Author(s):

Nancy Qian

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.003.0054

This chapter discusses some of the most pressing issues of local governance for the Chinese government; how they have addressed those issues; and the consequences of their policies. It focuses on rural areas, the home of over two-thirds of China’s population; one major policy reform — the introduction of elections for village government; and its consequences for three important issues for the rural population: the provision of local public goods, redistribution, and unpopular upper government policy enforcement. The evidence suggests that while elections can improve villagers’ satisfaction with the regime, they have an adverse effect of reducing the enforcement of central objectives when they conflict with villager preferences.

Keywords:   local government, rural areas, elections, village government, public goods, rural policy

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