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The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China$
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Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei, and Xiaobo Zhang

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.001.0001

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Food security in China

Food security in China

Chapter:
(p.304) 48 Food security in China
Source:
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China
Author(s):

Funing Zhong

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.003.0049

This chapter examines factors affecting China’s food security. Grain production has shown remarkable growth, both before and during the reform. Total output grew from 163.92 mmt in 1952, the year that marks the beginning of recovery from war; to 304.77 mmt in 1978, the year that marks the start of the ongoing reform; to 571.21 mmt in 2011. However, despite the increase in domestic grain production, food imports have significantly increased in the last few years. Imports of soybeans and edible oils rose from 1.1 mmt and 2.6 mmt in 1996 to 54.8 mmt and 6.87 mmt in 2010, respectively. China also has to deal with the challenges posed by shrinking farmland as a result of urbanization, water shortages, pollution, and population growth.

Keywords:   food supply, food production, grain market, agricultural policy, grain production

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