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Nature in the BalanceThe Economics of Biodiversity$
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Dieter Helm and Cameron Hepburn

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676880

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676880.001.0001

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Do Biodiversity Policies Work? The Case for Conservation Evaluation 2.0

Do Biodiversity Policies Work? The Case for Conservation Evaluation 2.0

(p.250) (p.251) 12 Do Biodiversity Policies Work? The Case for Conservation Evaluation 2.0
Nature in the Balance

Daniela A. Miteva

Subhrendu K. Pattanayak

Paul J. Ferraro

Oxford University Press

The claim that credible evaluations of common conservation instruments continue to be rare is reviewed and confirmed. The limited set of rigorous studies suggests that protected areas cause modest reductions in deforestation; however, the evidence base for payments for ecosystem services, decentralization policies and other interventions is much weaker. Thus the urgent call for more evaluations from many more biodiversity-relevant locations is renewed. Specifically, a programme of research—Conservation Evaluation 2.0—is called for that seeks to measure how programme impacts vary by socio-political and bio-physical context, to track economic and environmental impacts jointly, to identify spatial spillover effects to untargeted areas, and to use theories of change to characterize causal mechanisms that can guide the collection of data and the interpretation of results. Only then can there be a useful contribution to the debate about how to protect biodiversity in developing countries

Keywords:   protected areas, deforestation, ecosystem services, conservation evaluation, programme impacts

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