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Migration in Political TheoryThe Ethics of Movement and Membership$
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Sarah Fine and Lea Ypi

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199676606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676606.001.0001

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Selecting By Merit

Selecting By Merit

The Brave New World of Stratified Mobility

(p.175) 9 Selecting By Merit
Migration in Political Theory

Ayelet Shachar

Oxford University Press

The bulk of academic debate has focused on the increasingly restrictive approach to ordinary immigration and naturalization applicants. This chapter argues that equally important lessons about the current state of citizenship can be learned by critically exploring who is treated as “wanted and welcome.” The discussion focuses on the highly skilled, the new breed of desired migrants. It highlights the increasingly common practice of governments “picking winners” through targeted and strategic grants of citizenship for those with extraordinary talent, while at the same time holding other categories of immigration applicants to ever-stricter admission and permission-to-stay requirements. After identifying and formulating these striking developments, the chapter addresses the core ethical and legal challenges they raise. The discussion concludes by exploring whether and how the rise of skills-based selective migration regimes may impact broader debates about mobility and (selective) openness, migration, and global justice.

Keywords:   highly skilled migration, talent, global justice, citizenship, immigration, naturalization

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