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Wittgenstein: Comparisons and Context$
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P. M. S. Hacker

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199674824

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674824.001.0001

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Passing by the Naturalistic Turn: on Quine's cul-de-sac

Passing by the Naturalistic Turn: on Quine's cul-de-sac

(p.186) (p.187) 9 Passing by the Naturalistic Turn: on Quine's cul-de-sac
Wittgenstein: Comparisons and Context

P. M. S. Hacker

Oxford University Press

It has been remarked that the distinctive development in philosophy over the past thirty-five years has been a naturalist turn away from the a priori methods of traditional philosophy to a conception of philosophy as continuous with natural science. This is a reversion to the conception of philosophy advanced by Russell in the 1910s. The most august modern originator of such naturalism in contemporary philosophy was Quine. He advanced three forms of naturalism: naturalized epistemology, ontological naturalism, and philosophical naturalism. This chapter shows the errors and confusions that inform all three. The programme of naturalized epistemology is incoherent, and its claim to be an enlightened substitute for epistemology unwarranted. Quine's occasional forays into epistemology are examined and found wanting.

Keywords:   Quine, philosophical naturalism, naturalized epistemology, scientism, conceptual analysis

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