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A Progressive Occupation?
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A Progressive Occupation?: The Gallieni-Lyautey Method and Colonial Pacification in Tonkin and Madagascar, 1885-1900

Michael P.M. Finch


On the eve of the 20th century Joseph Gallieni and Hubert Lyautey claimed to have devised a new approach to the consolidation of colonial acquisitions. Their method emphasized the primacy of political action over military action, called for the replacement of military columns with a ‘creeping occupation’, stressed the importance of economic-organizational development in ensuring the lasting stability of newly-acquired imperial possessions, and called for the unification of civil and military powers in the hands of the soldier, who would act as the first administrator of the colony. This method ... More

Keywords: Joseph Gallieni, Hubert Lyautey, colonial warfare, pacification, counterinsurgency, Indochina/Tonkin/Vietnam, Madagascar, France, French Empire

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199674572
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674572.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael P.M. Finch, author
Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in the History of War, University of Oxford; research associate with the Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War