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Ethics at the Beginning of LifeA phenomenological critique$
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James Mumford

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199673964

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673964.001.0001

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Justifications of Force

Justifications of Force

(p.154) 5 Justifications of Force
Ethics at the Beginning of Life

James Mumford

Oxford University Press

As many contemporary ethicists have been at pains to show, the question of personhood is not the only relevant issue in beginning of life ethics. In addition are arguments about legitimate uses of force against those whose personhood is not in doubt. This chapter holds up to phenomenological scrutiny those more contextual, casuistic discussions of abortion, the various justifications of force offered by Judith Jarvis Thomson in her famous essay ‘In Defence of Abortion’. Are these arguments, built as they are upon analogy, any more descriptively adequate than the theories of recognition explored in Chapter 4?

Keywords:   thomson, force, abortion, war, double effect

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