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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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Global Health

Global Health

Chapter:
(p.511) Chapter 30 Global Health
Source:
International Development
Author(s):

Tim Evans

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0031

The twentieth century witnessed a number of transitions in health, including longer life expectancy and changing burden of disease. Yet it also resulted in persistent inequalities in health outcomes within and between countries. Underpinning this result is a tension between different ways of valuing health: as a consumable product, an investment, or as a right. Over time, there were distinct waves in thinking on the linkage between health and development: from a tropical health era focused on diseases endemic to developing countries, to an international era of efforts to control population, improve nutrition, and immunize children. The current global era targets the burden of disease, maternal health, and tackles new pathogens. Looking forward, concerns for equity and security are driving a systemic view of health, particularly on financing (prepaying to avoid catastrophic out of pocket expenses) and governance (with a shift of power from international organizations to non-state actors).

Keywords:   global health, health transitions, inequity, health systems, burden of disease, social determinants of health, health financing, health diplomacy

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