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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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Land Reform

Land Reform

Chapter:
(p.479) Chapter 28 Land Reform
Source:
International Development
Author(s):

Ben White

Saturnino M. Borras

Ruth Hall

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0029

This chapter traces how land policies and particularly land reform have gained, lost, and regained prominence in development strategies and debates since the Second World War. The authors begin with definitions and summarize the experience of land and agrarian reforms during the Cold War period. The next section traces the decline and resurgence of land policies following the Cold War, and the sometimes fierce debates between advocates of state-led redistributive land reforms and market-led reforms. The final section introduces contemporary issues and debates on gender and generational issues in land policy, as well as the contemporary “rush” involving large corporate land deals, and concludes with reflections on the new ideas of food and land sovereignty driving today's agrarian movements. Redistributive land reform for the twenty-first century is argued to be one that is linked to broader visions of development, as were land reforms during the 1920s to 1970s.

Keywords:   land, land reform, agrarian reform, redistributive land reform, market-led agrarian reform

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