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International DevelopmentIdeas, Experience, and Prospects$
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Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199671656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.001.0001

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The Resource Curse and Transparency

The Resource Curse and Transparency

Chapter:
(p.395) Chapter 23 The Resource Curse and Transparency
Source:
International Development
Author(s):

Charles Cater

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0024

Transparency-based policies are currently the principal approach to mitigating the resource curse in developing countries, particularly with respect to corruption and conflict. Policy making often reflects conventional assumptions about the nature of the problem: the traditional financial opacity of the extractive industries enables illicit appropriation of resource rents, while correlations between natural resource dependency and intrastate conflict are explained through reference to combatant financing mechanisms. Accordingly, transparency has been widely adopted as an integral policy component, whether through financial regulation, commodity tracking, or resource interdiction. Policy making has also been influenced by political and economic interests among states, international organizations, and transnational corporations. The available evidence suggests there is sufficient reason to critically re-examine the assumption that increased economic transparency necessarily translates into enhanced political accountability in developing countries. The mixed track record of transparency-based policies suggests alternative and complementary approaches to escape the resource curse should also be considered.

Keywords:   transparency, accountability, resource curse, corruption, conflict

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