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Symmetry of Crystals and Molecules$
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Mark Ladd

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199670888

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670888.001.0001

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Geometry of crystals and molecules

Geometry of crystals and molecules

Chapter:
(p.13) 2 Geometry of crystals and molecules
Source:
Symmetry of Crystals and Molecules
Author(s):

Mark Ladd

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670888.003.0002

The early history of crystallography is discussed, including particularly the work of Steno, Hauy, de l’Isle, Miller and Weiss. Reference axes are introduced together with the mathematical description of planes, leading to the designation of crystal faces, or possible faces, and zones. The projection of crystal faces and, therefore, also crystal symmetry on to a plane diagram is elaborated by the techniques of goniometric measurements on and stereographic projection of a crystal. The geometry of molecules is discussed in terms of VSEPR, experimental and theoretical procedures. Molecular geometry and its precision are examined.

Keywords:   crystallography, crystal face, crystal symmetry, plane diagram, goniometric measurement, stereographic projection, molecular geometry

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