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Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain$
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Joseph P. Huston, Marcos Nadal, Francisco Mora, Luigi F. Agnati, and Camilo José Cela Conde

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199670000

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670000.001.0001

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Effects of Expertise on the Cognitive and Neural Processes Involved in Musical Appreciation

Effects of Expertise on the Cognitive and Neural Processes Involved in Musical Appreciation

Chapter:
(p.319) Chapter 16 Effects of Expertise on the Cognitive and Neural Processes Involved in Musical Appreciation
Source:
Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain
Author(s):

Marcus T. Pearce

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670000.003.0016

Do expert musicians appreciate music differently from non-musicians? A review of the literature yields strong evidence that musical training is associated with sharper auditory perception and more accurate predictive models of musical structure. It is plausible that this increased accuracy results from both formal musical training and greater musical exposure. Although musical training also has an impact on general cognitive abilities such as IQ, it has no impact on emotional intelligence or the emotional experience of music. In fact, musicians may draw less on emotional experience than non-musicians in coming to aesthetic judgements of music. Instead, there is evidence that in making aesthetic judgements, musicians have greater sensitivity to unusual musical elements and also prefer more complex music. It is argued that these effects are natural outcomes of more sophisticated and accurate predictive models acquired through musical training and experience.

Keywords:   musical expertise, aesthetic experience, emotion, prediction, expectation, musical training

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