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International Relations Since the End of the Cold WarNew and Old Dimensions$
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Geir Lundestad

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199666430

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666430.001.0001

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Two Finales: How the End of the Third World and the End of the Cold War Are Linked

Two Finales: How the End of the Third World and the End of the Cold War Are Linked

Chapter:
(p.133) 7 Two Finales: How the End of the Third World and the End of the Cold War Are Linked
Source:
International Relations Since the End of the Cold War
Author(s):

Odd Arne Westad

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666430.003.0008

The concept of the Third World as a political project came to an end roughly at the same time as the Cold War ended. This chapter explores the connection between these two endings, and suggests that economic and ideological change was at the core of both of them.  As the global capitalist market expanded, more and more of the countries that had chosen non-capitalist forms of development came under pressure to join the world economy.  In the end, this also happened to the Soviet Union, after the defection of China from centralised, planned ideals for the economy had made it clear that the market, not the plan, was predominant on a global scale.

Keywords:   Third World, Cold War, East Asia, Africa, anti-colonialism

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