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Symbolic Power in the World Trade Organization$

Matthew Eagleton-Pierce

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199662647

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662647.001.0001

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(p.168) Appendix A

(p.168) Appendix A

Symbolic Power in the World Trade Organization
Oxford University Press

Extract taken from WTO, ‘Proposed Modalities for Cotton Under the Mandate of the Hong Kong Ministerial Decision’, Communication from the Co-Sponsors of the Sectoral Initiative in Favour of Cotton, 1 March 2006 (TN/AG/SCC/GEN/4), 2.

Operationalizing the term ‘more ambitious’

More ambitious reduction must be construed, as the co-sponsors of the Sectoral Initiative in Favour of Cotton already outlined in their contribution of 17 February 2006 (TN/AG/GEN/12 and TN/AG/SCC/GEN/3), in relation to the general result of the agriculture negotiations on domestic support.

Correction coefficient (c): the co-sponsors of the Sectoral Initiative in Favour of Cotton propose the following formula for determining the specific rate of reduction of the AMS for cotton:

  • Rg = General reduction as a percentage; final result for reduction of the AMS

  • Rc = Reduction for cotton as a percentage; final result for cotton in order to meet the requirement for specificity and more ambition.

( 100 Rg ) * 100
Rc = Rg +
3 * Rg

This formula meets Members’ expectations:

  • It provides an ambitious result for cotton in the event of a modest result in agriculture;

  • it imposes a higher level of ambition in the event of an ambitious result in agriculture;

  • it is degressive in relation to the additional effort required for cotton based on the level of ambition of the result for agriculture in general.

For the purpose of illustration, the following table shows hypothetical Rg values and the corresponding Rc values, starting at 60 per cent, which is deemed to be a modest result.

Rg %


Rc %

Difference %