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Honor, History, and RelationshipEssays in Second-Personal Ethics II$
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Stephen Darwall

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199662609

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662609.001.0001

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Justice and Retaliation

Justice and Retaliation

(p.50) 3 Justice and Retaliation
Honor, History, and Relationship

Stephen Darwall

Oxford University Press

Punishment and reparations are sometimes held to express retaliatory emotions. This chapter begins by examining a version of this idea in Mill's views about natural resentment and the sense of justice in Chapter V of Utilitarianism. Mill holds that the ‘natural’ sentiment of resentment or ‘vengeance’ is at the heart of the concept of justice, that it is essentially retaliatory, and, therefore, that it has ‘nothing moral in it’. It must thus be disciplined or moralized by the desire to promote the general welfare. The chapter argues, to the contrary, that if reactive attitudes like resentment and moral blame are conceived in second-personal Strawsonian terms, they have a different content and function. They implicitly demand respect in a way that also expresses respect for the victimizer as a member of mutually accountable community of moral equals.

Keywords:   Mill, retaliation, justice, revenge, accountability, respect, Strawson, second-personal

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