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Honor, History, and RelationshipEssays in Second-Personal Ethics II$
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Stephen Darwall

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199662609

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662609.001.0001

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Fichte and the Second-Person Standpoint

Fichte and the Second-Person Standpoint

Chapter:
(p.222) 10 Fichte and the Second-Person Standpoint
Source:
Honor, History, and Relationship
Author(s):

Stephen Darwall

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662609.003.0011

Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Foundations of Natural Right have only recently begun to receive the attention they deserve from Anglophone historians of ethical and political thought. This chapter explores a central insight Fichte develops in this work, which also plays a significant role in the argument of SPS. (What is there called ‘Fichte's Point’.) Fichte argues that it takes a second-personal Auffordering (or ‘summons’), addressed from one free and rational agent to another, for the addressee to gain a practical consciousness of his own free will. Moreover, Fichte holds that right and law are grounded in this essentially second-personal phenomenon. Through the address and acknowledgment of a summons, summoner and summoned are committed to a reciprocal recognition (Anerkennung) of their shared authority as free rational beings to demand a sphere of freedom of action, which grounds both right and law.

Keywords:   Fichte, second-personal, right, summons, free

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