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Shaping Europe
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Shaping Europe: France, Germany, and Embedded Bilateralism from the Elysée Treaty to Twenty-First Century Politics

Ulrich Krotz and Joachim Schild


France and Germany have played a pivotal role in the history and politics of European integration. However, a study that systematically investigates the interrelated reality of Franco-German bilateralism and multilateral European integration has been conspicuously lacking. Formulating an approach we call “embedded bilateralism,” this book scrutinizes in empirical and historical detail the bilateral Franco-German order and France and Germany’s joint role in shaping Europe over the past half century. It addresses two key questions regarding France and Germany in Europe from the Elysée Treaty to ... More

Keywords: European integration, EU politics, European politics and history, France, Germany, Franco-German relations, France and Germany in Europe, embedded bilateralism, international relations theory, European integration theory

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199660087
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660087.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ulrich Krotz, author
Professor at the European University Institute, Chair in International Relations and European Politics both in the Political Science Department and the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies

Joachim Schild, author
Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Trier