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Early Days of X-ray Crystallography$
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André Authier

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199659845

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.001.0001

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Significance of the Discovery of X‐Ray Diffraction

Significance of the Discovery of X‐Ray Diffraction

(p.1) 1 Significance of the Discovery of X‐Ray Diffraction
Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

André Authier

Oxford University Press

This chapter stresses the significance of the discovery of X-ray diffraction by Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping, at the time of the discovery and afterwards. The discovery confirmed the wave nature of X-rays, and the reaction of the supporters of the corpuscular theory, such as W. H. Bragg, is evoked. Laue’s discovery also confirmed the concept of space lattice, and the knowledge crystallographers had of that concept at that time is discussed. The discovery played a major role in the studies of the atomic structure of materials and of the structure of atoms. Its impact on X-ray spectroscopy and on the chemical, biochemical, physical, material, and mineralogical sciences is sketched in the last part of the chapter.

Keywords:   biochemistry, Bragg, chemistry, Laue, physics, space lattice, X-rays, X-ray analysis

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