In order to overcome the problem of battlefield inertia, citizen armies typically appealed to the shared social identities of their troops to encourage performance in combat. Accordingly, masculinity was recurrently used to motivate soldiers and to remind them of their obligations to each other. At the same time, appeals to patriotism and nationalism were extremely important. It is an unpalatable truth but in the citizen army, these appeals to nationalism were often informed by racism so that western soldiers united more or less explicitly around a concept of whiteness.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.