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Global Environmental CommonsAnalytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms$
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Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Pierre-André Jouvet, and Marc Willinger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199656202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.001.0001

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Conclusion: Governance and Environment: Policy Challenges and Research Questions

Conclusion: Governance and Environment: Policy Challenges and Research Questions

(p.349) 15 Conclusion: Governance and Environment: Policy Challenges and Research Questions
Global Environmental Commons

Eric Brousseau

Tom Dedeurwaerdere

Pierre-Andre Jouvet

Marc Willinger

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the dilemmas associated with establishing collective goals in matters of sustainable development, then the properties of the mechanisms available for deciding to frame our behaviors, as well as the policy toolkit. Governmental intervention is both possible and legitimate when crises occur. In that case, the need for rapid and massive mobilization of means, leads citizens and stakeholders to accept major policy measures and reforms. The resulting emergency plans, however, seldom result in the optimal measures being implemented. Therefore, a major goal of human collectivities should be crisis avoidance. An important step in this direction is to rely more on both decentralized and reflexive governance, since all stakeholders should feel accountable. Moreover, this is also a way to better manage and generate the necessary knowledge.

Keywords:   pro-social preferences, polycentric governance, reflexive governance, north-south inequalities, collective preferences, intergenerational re-distribution, scientific knowledge, crises and governance, moral norms, economic incentives

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